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Marcellus(märsĕl`əs), principal plebeian family of the ancient Roman gens Claudia. Marcus Claudius Marcellus, c.268–208 B.C., was consul five times. In his first consulship he fought (222) against the Insubrian Gauls and killed their king in single combat. In his third consulship he was a colleague of Fabius Maximus, and he went (214) into S Italy and Sicily to prosecute the Second Punic War. He besieged Syracuse and took (212) the city, in spite of the ingenious defenses made by Archimedes. In his fifth consulship he fell in a skirmish with Hannibal's men near Venusia. Plutarch wrote a biography of him. Marcus Claudius Marcellus, d. 45 B.C., was a friend of Cicero and subject of the Ciceronian oration, Pro Marcello. He held the posts of curule aedile (56 B.C.) and consul (51 B.C.). As a senatorial partisan Marcellus defended Milo against Clodius and joined the opponents of Julius Caesar in the civil war. Caesar pardoned him after Pharsalus. Marcus Claudius Marcellus, 42 B.C.–23 B.C., was son of Octavia, sister of AugustusAugustus
, 63 B.C.–A.D. 14, first Roman emperor, a grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. Named at first Caius Octavius, he became on adoption by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian); Augustus was a title of honor granted (27 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. , who greatly favored him. Marcellus was considered to be Augustus' intended heir; he was adopted as son of the emperor, married to JuliaJulia,
feminine name in the Julian gens. 1 Died 54 B.C., daughter of Julius Caesar and wife of Pompey. By her grace and tact she maintained the bond between her father and her husband. After her death the two statesmen became open enemies. 2 39 B.C.–A.D.
..... Click the link for more information. , the emperor's daughter, and made pontifex. He died at Baiae, and Augustus named a theater for him.
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Marcus Claudius . ?268--208 bc, Roman general and consul, who captured Syracuse (212) in the Second Punic War
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