Marcello Caetano

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caetano, Marcello


Born Aug. 17, 1906, in Lisbon. Portuguese state figure. Son of a schoolteacher.

After graduating from the law faculty of the University of Lisbon in 1927, Caetano entered the Ministry of Finance, where he became a close associate of A. Salazar. He began to teach law at the University of Lisbon in 1933. Caetano was national commissar of the Union of Portuguese Youth from 1940 to 1944 and director and dean of the department of political economy and industrial production of the Higher Technical Institute from 1942 to 1944. He was minister of colonies from 1944 to 1947, becoming chairman of the executive committee of the National Union Party in 1947. Caetano was president of the Corporative Chamber of parliament from 1950 to 1955; in 1952 he was named lifetime member of the State Council. He was minister without portfolio subordinate to the premier from 1955 to 1958and rector of the University of Lisbon from 1952 to 1967. As successor to the fascist dictator Salazar, Caetano assumed thepost of chairman of the Council of Ministers of Portugal in 1968.On Apr. 25, 1974, Caetano was removed from this post andarrested during the antifascist coup d’etat. In May 1974 he wasexiled to Brazil. [11-1670-1; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He was not expected to survive and so the president of the country, Americo Tomas, replaced him with Marcelo Caetano. But Salazar did not die.
It's the year of the Carnation Revolution in Portugal, ruled by dictator Marcelo Caetano. Resistance fighters plot his overthrow and secretly agree for revolutionaries to storm the country's courthouses when Portugal's song entry "E Depois do Adeus" (And After the Farewell) sounds out on TV.
The country underwent more than 400 years of Portuguese colonisation, which ended on 25 April 1974 with the Carnation Revolution in Portugal that ended the dictatorship of Marcelo Caetano. Nevertheless, the Western fear of Timor-Leste turning to Communist China led the United States and Australia to support a bloody invasion by the Indonesian army, which decimated almost half of the population.
"Fixar o justo preco e determinar o minimo custo de producao e o maximo do lucro legitimo que a ele se pode adicionar", explicava Marcelo Caetano, enquanto docente de Direito Corporativo (29).
In which European country was prime minister Marcelo Caetano replaced by a military junta in 1974?
The ongoing colonial wars put a severe strain on Portugal's military, economy and population, which led to the 1974 Carnation Revolution (Revolucao dos Cravos), a bloodless military coup by junior army officers that overthrew the dictator Marcelo Caetano, ended the colonial wars in Africa and returned democratic rule to the nation.
But, primarily due to the colonial wars, the Carnation Revolution--a peaceful leftist military coup d'etat in Lisbon--ousted the Portuguese government of Marcelo Caetano in April of 1974.
Por exemplo, o conhecido historiador e filosofo da historia Arnold Toynbee proferiu uma conferencia no Instituto de Altos Estudos Militares, em 1959 ou 1960, que mereceu o aplauso de Marcelo Caetano. Nessa mesma conferencia, o historiador britanico referiu-se ao imperio portugues em termos hipoteticos:
o velhote que fora ministro na epoca do professor Salazar e que depois do professor Salazar nao se conformava de o nao escolherem para dirigir o pais, de o senhor almirante nao o ter chamado para lhe pedir --Governe-me este esterco doutor para lhe pedir --Endireite-me esta cambada doutor (370) The relationship of Francisco to figures of the Portuguese political class, such as Salazar himself, Marcelo Caetano and Admiral Americo Tomas, inextricably links the novel and its characters to a specific and crucial moment in the nation's political history.
Sin embargo, las positivas senales dadas por Marcelo Caetano, como su aperturista discurso de investidura o el desbloqueo del acuerdo militar que habia quedado en punto muerto en junio por la intransigencia portuguesa, asi como lo improbable de una crisis interna del sistema y mucho menos aun de una accion externa dado que, "al contrario que en Espana, no hay apenas nucleos de resistencia que puedan llevar adelante acciones de peso," despejaron las ultimas dudas.