Marco Kartodikromo

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kartodikromo, Marco


(pseudonym, Mas Marco Sumantri). Born 1878, in Tjepu, eastern Java; died 1928 or 1932, in Boven-Digul, West Irian. Indonesian writer and journalist; one of the founders of modern Indonesian literature. Became a member of the first popular nationalist organization, Sarekat Islam, in 1913 and of the Communist Party of Indonesia in 1920.

In 1919, Kartodikromo headed the progressive Union of Indonesian Journalists and published journals in Indonesian and Javanese. He was repeatedly persecuted; after the defeat of the popular uprising in 1926–27 he was exiled to West Irian. His works were written in “Low Malay,” a language readily understood by the people. His naturalistic novel The Violent One (1914) portrays the morals of the aristocratic, “golden” youth who have come under the corrupting influence of Western civilization. The novel The Student Hidjo (1919) is imbued with the desire to awaken a sense of national worth in the Indonesian people. In his novel A Feeling of Freedom (1924) and his many short stories, Kartodikromo defended the interests of the Indonesian proletariat and peasantry who had been ravaged by capitalists.


Sikorskii, V. V. Indoneziiskaia literatura. Moscow, 1965. Pages 59–73.
Sikorskii, V. V. “Vliianie marksistskikh idei na tvorchestvo indoneziiskikh pisatelei 10–20-x godov XX veka.” Narody Aziii Afriki, 1970, no. 5.
Bakri Siregar. Sedjarah sastera Indonesia modern, part 1. Djakarta, 1964.
Soe Hok Jie. “Pahlawan jang dilupakan Mas Marco Kartodikromo.” Indonesia, 1965, no. 2.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In chapter six, Kusno offers an account of the leftist revolutionary, Tan Malaka, to explicate the now well studied theme of movement or motion first inspired by the short stories of radical journalist Marco Kartodikromo. Chapter seven details the decline of the more free-wheeling spirit of urban movement in the wake of a regime of urban order and control typified by what Kusno calls the zaman normal, or time of normality, that prevailed throughout the 1920s and 1930s.