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see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a tribe of ancient Germans.

In the second half of the first millennium B.C. the Marcomanni inhabited the territory of present-day Saxony and Thuringia. In the late second and early first centuries B.C. they moved into the region of the middle and upper Main. In the early first century B.C. the Marcomanni probably belonged to the confederation of tribes headed by Ariovistus. In 8 B.C., after the Romans took northern Germany, the Marcomanni settled in what is now Bohemia, where they joined a confederation of tribes headed by Maroboduus. After the Cherusci leader Arminius defeated Maroboduus in A.D. 17, the Marcomanni retreated toward the Danube. In the first and second centuries the Marcomanni and Quadi, frequently acting together, constantly threatened the Ro-mans on the Danube border. In 166-180 their onslaughts developed into the Marcomannic War of 166-180. In the late third century the Marcomanni even threatened Rome. In the fourth century the Marcomanni became part of the Great Migration of Peoples. In the late fifth century they settled in Bavaria.


Germanische Altertumskunde. Edited by H. Schneider. Munich, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This project reminded me an old topic of philosophical historiography about Marcus Aurelius, the first Austrian philosopher, because he wrote some chapters of his main work in the field of his battle against Marcomanni and Quadi in a region, which later became the part of the Hapsburg Empire (Mester 2008).
(A bit earlier, Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations in the general neighborhood as he battled the "Quadi and Marcomanni.") Turkish forces passed by here on the way to their 1683 defeat at the gates of Vienna by Jan Sobieski.
B the mid-first century there was a chain of clients from the lower Rhine to the middle Danube: Frisii, Batavii, Hermunduri, Marcomanni, Quadi and Sarmatians.
150-169); earned distinction during the great incursion of the Marcomanni (169-172); was raised to senatorial rank to command a legion; although he served as consul (174 or 175), he was spared in Commodus' purge of leading men, perhaps because of his humble origins; sent to Britain to quell unrest there (185-186); consul a second time and praetorian prefect (192); he was appointed Emperor by the Senate after Commodus was murdered by the Praetorians (December 31, 192); his stringent measures to restore the economy were unpopular with both army and people, and he was murdered by a band of undisciplined soldiers (March 28, 193).