Marcus Aurelius


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Aurelius, Marcus:

see Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) , 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus Pius, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina.
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Marcus Aurelius

(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) (mär`kəs ôrē`lēəs), 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
(Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus) , A.D. 86–A.D. 161, Roman emperor (138–161). After a term as consul (120) he went as proconsul to Asia, where he governed with distinction.
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, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina. From youth he was a diligent student and a zealous Stoic. With his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, as colleague, Marcus succeeded Antoninus in 161. Verus allowed him to dominate, and from 169 Marcus was sole emperor. His reign was spent defending the empire against Parthians, Germans, and Britons. He won a victory over the Marcomanni (167–168), which was commemorated by the Antonine column (Piazza Colonna, Rome), erected by his son and successor, CommodusCommodus
(Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) , 161–192, Roman emperor (180–192), son and successor of Marcus Aurelius. In 180, reversing his father's foreign policy, he concluded peace with the German and the Sarmatian tribes and returned to his licentious pleasures in
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. Devoted to his duty and humanitarian in his conception of it, Marcus Aurelius was concerned with improving living conditions for the poor, particularly minors. He was always lenient with political criminals and tried to decrease the brutality at gladiatorial shows. He did, however, persecute the Christians, whom he regarded as natural enemies of the empire. His Meditations, available in several translations, expresses with great beauty and humanity a philosophy with a Stoic basis. The virtuous character of Marcus Aurelius is revealed in his letters to his tutor FrontoFronto
(Marcus Cornelius Fronto) , fl. 2d cent., Roman teacher and rhetorician, b. Numidia, Africa. Antoninus Pius made him consul in 143. A successful teacher and government official, Fronto was an admirer of the early Latin writers and tried unsuccessfully to bring about a
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Bibliography

See biography by A. R. Birley (1966); study by J. H. Oliver (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
"When Angelo Moore showed up in the middle of the crowd with his sax, tears (of joy) dropped down my cheek because it was such a magical moment," said DJ Marcus Aurelius of Moore.
Fellows's life is defined by headaches, blackouts, paranoia, and a constant state of unsteadiness that is only marshaled by the concepts in Marcus Aurelius's writing.
can be found in the Meditations, where Marcus Aurelius wrote,
According to Marcus Aurelius each individual can be distinguished from another, although all are organically part of nature, indicating the world as a living being.
Marcus Aurelius was a prominent figure in Stoic philosophy, the leading school in southern Europe from 300 BCE to around 200 CE (the "Hellenistic Age").
Well, needs must for 2015 but I love what Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor from 161 to 180, said: "We ought to do good to others as simply as a horse runs, or a bee makes honey, or a vine bears grapes, season after season, without thinking of the grapes it has borne."
I could almost hear him saying: "My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the true emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Father to a murdered son, husband to a murdered wife.
Yet philosophical references are numerous and spread throughout the text, varying from generic isolated nouns ("philosophy," "the philosopher"), to names of philosophers (Epictetus, Arrian, Marcus Aurelius, Santayana, Seneca, Socrates), to quotations from and brief reflections on the writings of certain of these philosophers, as well as to quotations from the Bible and from Henry David Thoreau's Walden.
The book contains two intertwining facets: the Platonic theory and its influences on later scholars, and the identification of various rulers throughout history, from Marcus Aurelius and Julian the Apostate, to Frederick II of Sicily and Frederick the Great, to Thomas Jefferson, Lincoln, and even Lenin and Stalin, to name only a few, as "philosopher-kings" of some kind.
Literary references and the discovery in the 18th century of marble busts of imperial figures, has led the archaeologists to believe that the site was the property of the Antonine Dynasty (138-193), that included emperors Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus and Commodus.
He blends no-nonsense advice with references to John Lennon, Marcus Aurelius, Frederick Douglass, ancient wisdom, and modern science.
Both films involve the death of Marcus Aurelius and the succession of his son, Commodus, but at the heart of Gladiator were always visions of gladiatorial combat and the story of Maximus: the general who became a slave, the slave who became a gladiator, the gladiator who was to free Rome from a tyrant.