Marcus Aurelius

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Aurelius, Marcus:

see Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) , 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus Pius, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina.
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Marcus Aurelius

(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) (mär`kəs ôrē`lēəs), 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
(Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus) , A.D. 86–A.D. 161, Roman emperor (138–161). After a term as consul (120) he went as proconsul to Asia, where he governed with distinction.
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, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina. From youth he was a diligent student and a zealous Stoic. With his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, as colleague, Marcus succeeded Antoninus in 161. Verus allowed him to dominate, and from 169 Marcus was sole emperor. His reign was spent defending the empire against Parthians, Germans, and Britons. He won a victory over the Marcomanni (167–168), which was commemorated by the Antonine column (Piazza Colonna, Rome), erected by his son and successor, CommodusCommodus
(Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) , 161–192, Roman emperor (180–192), son and successor of Marcus Aurelius. In 180, reversing his father's foreign policy, he concluded peace with the German and the Sarmatian tribes and returned to his licentious pleasures in
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. Devoted to his duty and humanitarian in his conception of it, Marcus Aurelius was concerned with improving living conditions for the poor, particularly minors. He was always lenient with political criminals and tried to decrease the brutality at gladiatorial shows. He did, however, persecute the Christians, whom he regarded as natural enemies of the empire. His Meditations, available in several translations, expresses with great beauty and humanity a philosophy with a Stoic basis. The virtuous character of Marcus Aurelius is revealed in his letters to his tutor FrontoFronto
(Marcus Cornelius Fronto) , fl. 2d cent., Roman teacher and rhetorician, b. Numidia, Africa. Antoninus Pius made him consul in 143. A successful teacher and government official, Fronto was an admirer of the early Latin writers and tried unsuccessfully to bring about a
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See biography by A. R. Birley (1966); study by J. H. Oliver (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Stoicism of Marcus Aurelius is modified somewhat by the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle, with which the emperor was clearly familiar.
Although not unanimous, the judges praised the work - one of fifty-one contenders - for its fusion of linguistic skill and historical reconstruction and for provocative insights that render a Roman town in Lusitania during the reign of Marcus Aurelius very, familiar to the modern reader.
They are the Stoic emperor Marcus Aurelius, Lucian's two victims, Peregrinus and Alexander of Abonuteichos, Apollonius of Tyana, and finally, Celsus, an odd fellow traveller in this group.
Spanish court preacher and man of letters whose didactic work Reloj de principes o libro aureo del emperador Marco Aurelio (1529; The Golden Boke of Marcus Aurelius or The Diall of Princes), which was an attempt to invent a model for rulers, became one of the most influential books of the 16th century.
Jenny Wormald explores the Scottish setting for Basilikon Doron and The Trew Law of Free Monarchies and argues persuasively that James, in the tradition of Marcus Aurelius and King Alfred, was writing for his own edification in both works.
An imaginary autobiography of the Roman emperor, written as a letter to his grandson Marcus Aurelius, it demonstrates the unique mix of classical studies and imagination typical of her work.
His first encounter came as a result of reading Tom Wolfe's novel, A Man in Full, in which the fictional character Conrad Hensley, who is unjustly imprisoned, is mistakenly sent a book entitled simply The Stoics, but whose title page promises, "The complete writings of Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, G.
Limbo is also occupied by virtuous pagans including Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Muslim leaders like Saladin and philosophers Socrates and Plato.
Dr Jason Konig of the University of St Andrews has shed new light on a second century AD Roman athlete called Marcus Aurelius Asklepiades.
Eusebius dates Polycarp's martyrdom to the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161-80), either 166 or 169.
In the role of emperor Marcus Aurelius,Harris gave a stunning performance as a dying ruler.
A book, The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius and a CD Iommi, it's the Black Sabbath guitarist's solo album.