marshal

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marshal

1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler

Marshal

 

(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

marshal

An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1.) The Corps Marechaussee were military gendarmes and both the Landmacht and KNIL maintained units of them.
Van Den Brink has served in the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee since 1979 and has held a wide range of managerial and operational and posts in the areas of border surveillance, immigration, policing, civil aviation security and criminal investigation.
lui disait le docteur, vous, homme bien ne, avec des moeurs elegantes, de la fortune, une jolie position dans le monde, une education delicate, vous vous jetez dans l'ignoble juste-milieu, non pas dans la guerre veritable, dont memes les miseres ont tant de noblesse et de charmes pour les coeurs genereux, mais dans la guerre de marechaussee, la guerre de troncons de chou, contre de malheureux ouvriers mourant de faim, dans la guerre dont l'expedition de la rue Transnonain est la bataille de Marengo ...
The Treaty applied only to the regular police forces in the Netherlands, not to the Royal Netherlands Military Constabulary (Koninklijke Marechaussee).
The Dutch Marechaussee, for example, can deploy a 50-person detachment as a rapid-response unit within 48 hours.
Apres avoir vu le jour sous l'absolutisme monarchique, avec le developpement separe de deux forces en charge de la surete, l'une, dans les campagnes (la marechaussee qui deviendra, en 1791, la gendarmerie nationale), I'autre, dans les villes (le guet et les intendants de police en province, la lieutenance generale de police a Paris, qui sont a l'origine des polices municipales etatisees dans la periode contemporaine pour donner naissance, en 1966, a la police nationale), le dualisme du systeme policier francais a ete adopte, non sans un certain opportunisme, par le systeme democratique, qui a su deceler dans l'existence de deux forces de police distinctes une application quasi fortuite et premonitoire du principe de separation des pouvoirs.
La Koninklijke Marechaussee (Gendarmeria Real) fue el primer cuerpo policial establecido en Holanda, y fue fundado casi 40 anos antes de la creacion de la primera policia estatal civil.
Une botte se posa mollement sur son pied, c'etait la botte de la marechaussee. Une idylle venait de germer dans l'ame du gendarme.
The Gendarmerie was scattered throughout the French countryside in small `brigades' -- units of six to ten men, thus bringing it closer to rural communities than its `parent force' of the pre-Revolutionary monarchy, the Marechaussee, whose main duty was merely to patrol the royal highways, and so remained based in the larger provincial towns.
9) during this period, Greenshields exhaustively mines his key sources: court records of various jurisdictions, and above all, the reports (proces verbaux) of the officers of the royal mounted constabulary, the marechaussee. Wisely avoiding quantifation of criminal activity, Greenshields instead interprets its meaning by employing the now familiar method of close analysis of multitudes of specific incidents.
In the departmental archives of the Cantal, the author discovered reports of violent crime by the provincial marechaussee police and its court for the period 1587-64.