Sanger, Margaret

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Sanger, Margaret (b. Higgins)

(1879–1966) birth control advocate; born in Corning, N.Y. The sixth of eleven children, she married architect William Sanger (1902) and had three children before leaving him in 1913. She moved to New York City (1912) where she became active in the women's labor movement and the Socialist Party. She concluded that control over childbearing was the key to female emancipation and was appalled by women's ignorance of contraception, which she experienced first-hand working as a practical nurse in New York City (1912). She wrote newspaper articles on feminine hygiene, put out a militant journal entitled Woman Rebel, and published a pamphlet, Family Limitation (1914), in which she coined the term "birth control" and called for legalization of contraception; indicted for violating postal laws, she fled to Canada and then England (1914), where she was influenced by sex reformer Havelock Ellis to tone down her radical tactics. After her return (1915), the government dropped its charges and she began lecturing widely, also founding the Birth Control Review (1916), which she edited until 1928. She and her sister served 30 days in prison for opening a birth control clinic in Brooklyn (1916), but an appeal judge's decision allowed for doctors to provide birth control information to married women. Her Birth Control Research Bureau (founded in New York in 1923 with the support of her wealthy new husband, J. Noah Slee) was the first doctor-staffed medical clinic in America and a model for the 300 others she helped establish. In 1921 she founded the American Birth Control League; accused of autocratic tactics, she resigned from its presidency in 1928, but it later merged with her Clinical Research Bureau into the organization that in 1942 became Planned Parenthood. She founded a lobbying group (1929) that successfully sued to allow the mailing of contraceptive materials in the U.S.A. She was less active from the 1940s on, but in the 1950s she induced philanthropist Katharine Dexter McCormick to help fund development of a birth control pill, and in 1952 she helped found the International Planned Parenthood Federation. She was undeniably difficult to work with, and close examination of her writings shows that she endorsed birth control in part to maintain the position of the white race, but she was just as certainly a courageous pioneer.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Margaret Higgins and Catherine Flannagan were found guilty and sentenced to hang.
GYMNASTICS By LESLEY BROWNE LISA Higgins has been Head Rhythmic Gymnastics Coach at the City of Birmingham Gymnastics Club for 20 years following in the successful coaching footsteps of her late mother, Margaret Higgins.
Chair of the bench Margaret Higgins fined West PS353 costs and he will appear before a judge on May 11 to discover whether he will be given a football banning order.
Last week, Margaret Higgins wanted advice on growing callistemon.
Caption: Margaret Higgins Sanger (1879-1966) an American birth control activist, sex "educator," and nurse coined the term "birth control", opened the first birth control clinic in the United States and established Planned Parenthood.
Standing, left to right is Mrs A Bulmer, Winnifred Caverney, Margaret Higgins. Seated: Angela Bird, Margaret Pielen, Mary Gibbons, Rosie Birch, Anonio Smurfitt.
Home - (Yorkshire names first): Dawn Bray (Ossett FH) 21 Judy Ash 19, Linda Gledhill (Marsh Utd) 20 Stacey Brown 21, Amanda Hagen (Savile Park) 21 Paulette Wheeldon 15, Marjorie Haigh (Heckmondwike) 21 Judith Gosnell 15, Ann Hinchliffe (Lockwood Con) 21 Fay Carson 18, Christine Sutclfife (Methley) 18 Elizabeth Wright 21, Margaret Higgins (Ossett FH) 10 Laura Hamer 21, Lyn Dye (Castleford Town) 21 Corrina Phillips 9, Lisa Rice (Savile Park) 17 Helen Large 21, Sharon Gadd (Marsh Utd) 21 Jackie Laverty 11, Carole Harpin (Marsh Utd) 21 Joan Lewis 7, Barbara Wherrett (Ossett FH) 11 Gill Welsh 21.
Catherine Flanagan and Margaret Higgins dispatched various members of their family for the insurance money; James Maybrick and his young wife, Florence - she was jailed for his poisoning; Issy Shannon has recorded a cross-section of eccentric, notorious and downright evil Lancashire women in her new book, right; Elizabeth Berry, dubbed 'Lancashire's Lucrezia Borgia', who probably poisoned her daughter with sulphuric acid
No creed or colour or sexual orientation would go to a Catholic agency if they did not believe in the principles behind their faith - Margaret Higgins, by email.
As Margaret Higgins, of the National Association for the Teaching of Drama, said: 'You just can't cut out scenes like the kiss in Romeo and Juliet.
Margaret Higgins, of the National Association for the Teaching of Drama, is quoted today as saying the kissing scenes in Shakespeare's play are a 'crucial moment'.
Margaret Higgins, of the National Association for the Teaching of Drama, said: "If this isn't fit subject matter for children, perhaps they should put on EastEnders after the watershed."