Margarita Xirgu


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Xirgu, Margarita

 

Born 1888 in Molíns de Rey, near Barcelona; died there in 1969. Spanish actress.

Xirgu studied at the Catalonian School of Dramatic Art in Barcelona. She made her professional stage debut in 1906 and then performed in the largest theaters of Barcelona and Madrid. She toured Cuba and Mexico in 1936. After Franco came into power (1939), Xirgu refused to return to Spain and worked in Argentina and Uruguay.

Xirgu played comedy, genre, and tragedy roles with great mastery in the plays of J. Echegaray, B. Pérez Galdós, R. Valle-Inclán, M. Unamuno, and A. Casona. The plays of García Lorca gave Xirgu her greatest artistic opportunities—for example, the title roles in Mariana Pineda, The Prodigious Shoemaker, and Yerma. She also headed her own troupes, producing classical dramas and staging the plays of modern playwrights with democratic tendencies. [13-1563-3; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cabe mencionar que el abanico de artistas tratados oscila entre ineditos y consagrados (Max Aub, Jose Bergamin, Pedro Salinas, Maria Martinez Sierra, Encarnacion Lopez La Argentinita y, especialmente, Margarita Xirgu).
Ademas de trazar en el una sintesis de sus actividades en el pasado como animador y director teatral, que le habian convertido en "un infatigable renovador del teatre, una voluntat i una intelligencia posades al servei de la renovacio que tant necesita l'escena espanyola", ponderaba la perfeccion alcanzada en la direccion de la compania de Margarita Xirgu, una "excepcional formacio" caracterizada por "el prodigi d'una desacostumada adaptacio de conjunt, un gust segur en la presentacio i honestedat absoluta en la interpretacio de tots els personatges, grans o petits, importants o insignificants; coses totes que revelen una direccio que unifica tots els esforgos i enlaira tots els resultats" (Guasp 5).
La primera de estas obras, El embustero en su enredo (1944), fue llevada al escenario por otra exiliada, la mitica Margarita Xirgu, en el Teatro Municipal de Santiago de Chile.
Margarita Xirgu, teacher and actress, is looking back on her relationship with Federico Garcia Lorca, the Spanish poet and dramatist murdered by the fascists in 1936.
After much reworking, Golijov has layered the opera, with a libretto by David Henry Hwang, to run the Lorca thread alongside the demise of the Catalan actress Margarita Xirgu, whose final days were spent in Uruguay in 1969.
He almost always worked in Barcelona, which is where his professional training began, and this show contains some outstanding portraits of celebrated figures of the day (Pablo Casals, Margarita Xirgu, and others) as well as images of the agitated social and political life of the time and of the war, which he covered from Barcelona and from the Aragon front during the counterattack against the Fascist army.
The article considers Alberti's rereading and pruning of the Cervantine text, and the work of the actress-directors, Alberti's wife Maria Teresa Leon in 1937 for an audience of soldiers, and Margarita Xirgu in Montevideo in 1943, for an audience that might view Numantia's collective suicide very differently.