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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Fergana Oblast, Uzbek SSR, located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, in the foothills of the Alai Range, near the Margilan railroad station (on the Andizhan-Kokand line). It is a highway junction. Population, 106,-000 in 1973 (36,500 in 1897, 44,000 in 1926, 68,000 in 1959, and 95,000 in 1970). Margilan is one of the old cities in Uzbekistan’s Fergana Valley, having been known since the eighth century. It was captured by Russian troops in 1875. During the years of Soviet power the city was transformed into a large center of the silk-processing industry. Margilan has a silk combine; the Atlas firm; a factory producing clothing of artistic value; mechanical repair, tractor repair, and wood-products plants; an iron foundry; and a dairy.

Margilan is an old center of traditional weaving by hand, famous for its khanatlas (silks with flowing iridescent designs) and printed fabrics. It is also known for its embroidery, produced both by hand and by machine, and architectural carving on wood andganch (a binding material used in plastering). The city has a research institute of the silk industry and the general engineering department of the Tashkent Institute of Textiles and Light Industry. There are evening textile, construction, accounting and credit, and economic planning technicums and preschool pedagogical and medical schools. The Iu. Akhunbabaev Memorial Museum is also in Margilan.


Khankel’dyev, Iu. Margilan. Tashkent, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the same day, Uzbekistan and the ADB signed a loan agreement for the project on reconstruction of sewerage systems of Fergana and Marghilan worth $42 million.
Based in the town of Marghilan, Mullah Hakimjan-Qori is supposed to have broken with Hindustani early on, accusing him of being too respectful of secular power, and to have disseminated Salafist ideas since the 1950s.
In these novels certain historical events which took place in the Khokand Khanate, in Tashkent, Marghilan, Khokand, and in Turkistan in general, as well as Turkistanians' traditional and everyday life, are depicted beautifully and with great care.
A loan of $42 million was allocated for the program to improve water supply system of two cities of Fergana region - Fergana and Marghilan. This loan which is allocated from the Asian Development Fund, is the fourth and the last tranche of the ADB debt package worth $300 million approved by the Bank to the Government of Uzbekistan in September 2009.