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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Fergana Oblast, Uzbek SSR, located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, in the foothills of the Alai Range, near the Margilan railroad station (on the Andizhan-Kokand line). It is a highway junction. Population, 106,-000 in 1973 (36,500 in 1897, 44,000 in 1926, 68,000 in 1959, and 95,000 in 1970). Margilan is one of the old cities in Uzbekistan’s Fergana Valley, having been known since the eighth century. It was captured by Russian troops in 1875. During the years of Soviet power the city was transformed into a large center of the silk-processing industry. Margilan has a silk combine; the Atlas firm; a factory producing clothing of artistic value; mechanical repair, tractor repair, and wood-products plants; an iron foundry; and a dairy.

Margilan is an old center of traditional weaving by hand, famous for its khanatlas (silks with flowing iridescent designs) and printed fabrics. It is also known for its embroidery, produced both by hand and by machine, and architectural carving on wood andganch (a binding material used in plastering). The city has a research institute of the silk industry and the general engineering department of the Tashkent Institute of Textiles and Light Industry. There are evening textile, construction, accounting and credit, and economic planning technicums and preschool pedagogical and medical schools. The Iu. Akhunbabaev Memorial Museum is also in Margilan.


Khankel’dyev, Iu. Margilan. Tashkent, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Our small ensemble participated in the festival in Margilan city, which was awarded the nomination "Best Folklore Group" and a cash prize of 3.5 million sums or 30,000 soms.
Take the morning train to Margilan (five hours), the hub of Uzbekistan's silk industry.
Or he might compile overlapping or concentric sensibilities, like Nasirjan Karimov, "soldier, Uzbek son, medal winner, Margilan native" (jangchi, o'zhek o'g'li, ordenli, Margilan shaharidan ketgan), who was defending his "Soviet homeland" (sovet vatani).
The move is being seen as part of a broader campaign in Kokand and Margilan regions that is in effect since April when the law enforcement authorities were ordered to make sure women not to wear hijab and headscarves in public.
Another native of Ferghana, who lives in Kazakhstan, said friends had reported the destruction of low-rise housing in the nearby silk-producing town of Margilan, although there were no reports of casualties.
In Margilan, Ferghana Province, local government authorities appropriated and converted a madrassah built through private community contributions into a medical training facility, preventing its scheduled fall 2005 opening.
They include 16 in Tashkent in June and seven in other cities, including Andijan, Fergana, Margilan, Bukhara, and Yangibozor.
"Historically, Margilan was the center for making atlas and adras vivid and fine traditional fabrics.
On January 14, a resident of Uzbekistan's city Margilan was arrested in Kyrgyzstan's Mamai village when he was illegally crossing the state border.