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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Dnepropetrovsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Situated on the banks of the Kakhovka Reservoir. Railroad station on the Krivoi Rog-Zaporozh’e line. Population, 48,900 (1973).

Marganets was founded as a workers’ settlement when the manganese deposit in this area was developed in 1883-86. It became a city in 1938. By 1940 there were 20 mines and four concentrating mills in the city. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Marganets was occupied by fascist German troops from Aug. 17, 1941, until Feb. 5, 1944; they inflicted enormous damage on the city. In the first postwar five-year plan the city and its industrial enterprises were completely restored; in the ensuing decades the economy, science, and culture of the city have developed.

Present-day Marganets is a major center of the Nikopol’ manganese ore basin. It has a mining and concentrating combine for extracting and processing manganese ore; this enterprise supplies manganese concentrate for the country’s metallurgical enterprises and for export. Other industries in the city include a mining-equipment reppir plant, a building-materials plant, and candy, clothing, furniture, and ribbon factories. There are enterprises of the food-processing industry. There is a forest reclamation station and an evening division of the Krivoi Rog Mining Institute, a mining technicum, and a museum of history and local lore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The accident occurred at an unguarded train crossing near the village of Maksimovka on the stretch between the cities of Nikopol and Marhanets, the ministry said.
The bus, carrying 51 people including the driver, was struck as it went over a level crossing near the small town of Marhanets in eastern Ukraine.
Ukrainian police said in a statement that the bus, carrying 49 passengers and a driver, was travelling from a hospital in Marhanets to another nearby town, Gorodishche.