Maria Callas

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Related to Maria Callas: Renata Tebaldi

Callas, Maria (b. Maria Anna Sofia Cecilia Kalogeropoulos)

(1923–77) soprano; born in New York City. Callas studied voice in Athens and made her operatic debut there in 1938. Her European career blossomed in the late 1940s; from then until her retirement from the stage in 1965, she was celebrated less for a glorious voice than for her electrifying dramatic gifts—as seen in roles such as Medea and Norma—and her equally dramatic temperament and romantic life, including a long liaison with Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Callas, Maria


(real surname, Kalogeropoulou). Born Dec. 3, 1923, in New York. Opera singer (lyric-dramatic soprano).

Callas, a Greek by nationality, is an outstanding representative of contemporary vocal art. In 1937 she began to study singing under E. de Hidalgo at the Conservatory of Athens. In 1938 she made her debut at the Athens Opera. In the late 1940’s, Callas sang in Italian theaters. Since the early 1950’s she has sung in the world’s most prominant theaters, including La Scalain in Milan (1950), Covent Garden in London (1952), the Chicago Opera House (1954-55), and the Metropolitan Opera House in New York (1956-58). In 1960, Callas became a soloist at La Scala.

Her vocal technique is similar to that of the Italian romantic school of opera (mastery of bel canto). Her performances are characterized by a unity of vocal and dramatic imagery. Callas’ most successful parts have included the title roles in Donizetti’s Lucia de Lammermoor and Anna Bolena; Norma, Amina, and Imogena in Bellini’s Norma, La Sonnambula, and Il Pirata; Violetta in Verdi’s La Traviata; and the title role in Puccini’s Tosca.


Timokhin, V. “Mariia Kallas.” In Vydaiushchiesia itaVianskie pevtsy:Ocherki. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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I think I have seen most of the well-known actors who have played his version of Maria Callas. The original, Zoe Caldwell, then Patti LuPone, then Dixie Carter, then Tyne Daly, and he has also had, in one production, the six-time-Tony-winning actress Audra McDonald, as a Callas student.
When Maria Callas sang Tosca at Covent Garden in 1964, she could not have known how crucial it would prove to her career and her life.
The bank's new campaign, created byM&C Saatchi, uses images and film ofopera singer Maria Callas, Martin LutherKing and Einstein.
In addition, the foyer of the galleries will present the new 2011 launches and host an exhibition of the brand's advertising campaigns from 1870 to today; photos of Maria Callas and Shirley Verrett having their makeup applied are included.
She earned the accolade in Venice in 1960 when picky Italian critics lauded her range as even greater than that of Maria Callas.
Maria Callas: A Musical Biography, by Robert Levine.
Ralph Vaughn Williams, Ralph Fiennes, Nicolas Sarkozy, Nicholas Nickleby, Maria Callas, Black Maria.
Much has been made of the rivalry between Tebaldi and Maria Callas, though it is really much ado about apples and oranges.