Maria Edgeworth


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Edgeworth, Maria,

1767–1849, Irish novelist; daughter of Richard Lovell Edgeworth. She lived practically her entire life on her father's estate in Ireland. Letters for Literary Ladies (1795), her first publication, argued for the education of women. She is best known for her novels of Irish life—Castle Rackrent (1800), Belinda (1801), and The Absentee (1812). Although her works are marred somewhat by didacticism, they are notable for their realism, humor, and freshness of style. She also wrote a number of stories for children, including Moral Tales (1801).

Bibliography

See selected letters ed. by C. Colvin (1971); studies by M. Butler (1972) and C. Owens (1987).

Edgeworth, Maria

 

Born Jan. 1, 1767, in Black Bourton, Great Britain; died May 22, 1849, in Edgeworthstown, Ireland. Irish writer.

In Letters to Literary Ladies (1795) and Practical Education (vols. 1–2,1798), Edgeworth presented a detailed program of education, including that of women, in the spirit of the pedagogical ideas of the Enlightenment. A profound penetration into child psychology can be observed in her didactic stories for children. Edgeworth gained fame for her “Irish novels.” The destruction of the patriarchal way of life and the triumph of bourgeois relationships are the subject matter of the novel of society and everyday life Castle Rackrent (1800; Russian translation, 1972). The novel The Absentee (1812; Russian translation, 1972) is devoted to the urgent problems of early 19th-century Ireland. In laying bare class haughtiness and affectation, Edgeworth proved herself to be an outstanding satirist. Her realistic mastery comes to life most brilliantly in her portraits of heroes from among the people. She was the author of the novels Belinda (1801) and Tales of Fashionable Life (series 1–2,1809–12). Edgeworth’s pedagogical essays and stories for children were popular in Russia.

WORKS

Selections From the Works of Maria Edgeworth. London, 1919.
Chosen Letters. London, 1931.
Letters From England 1813–1844. Oxford, 1971.

REFERENCES

Bel’skii, A. A. Angliiskii roman 1800–1810gg. Perm’, 1968.
McWhorter Harden, O. Maria Edgeworth’s Art of Prose Fiction. The Hague-Paris, 1971.
Hurst, M. Maria Edgeworth and the Public Scene. [London, 1970.]
Butler, M. Maria Edgeworth. Oxford, 1972.

V. A. KHARITONOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, while each of these perspectives provides valuable historical context and analysis, interpretation of the specific literary inspiration--in particular, Maria Edgeworth's "Manoeuvring"--of Austen's navy requires additional attention.
Maria Edgeworth, then one of Britains most famous novelists, was far better known than Austen.
By using a variety of narrative techniques, she fused mythical echoes and realism in texts which are equally indebted to the French moral tale, the Scottish Enlightenment and popular culture: "Maria Edgeworth's register was hardly aristocratic; her distinctive feature was her detailed, focused attention to the language, manners, and daily lives of the Irish masses" (2004: 47).
Entre deux, Richard Bolster, "Stendhal et Maria Edgeworth," Caroline Warman, "La cristallisation a la mode," et Alexandra Pion, "Stendhal et la seduction," offrent des apercus quelque peu excentres mais precieux sur la question: Bolster sur l'importance de la valeur sociale du roman chez la romanciere anglaise appreciee par Stendhal; Warman sur le contexte scientifique du phenomene de cristallisation developpe dans "De l'amour;" Pion sur la poetique de la seduction qui releve plus de l'ars erotica oriental que de l'ars amatoria occidental.
Este trabajo se engloba dentro de un proyecto mas amplio sobre la recepcion de Maria Edgeworth en Europa (Fernandez 2004; 2006; 2008a; 2008b; 2010a; 2010b) y pretende analizar el texto "Los dos fabricantes", una traduccion al castellano de "The Manufacturers", octava historia de Popular Tales (1804).
Googling a runner Maria Edgeworth 7.00 Naas One of the greatest novelists of 18th century children's literature.
Contemporaries Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849), John Aikin (1747-1822) and his sister, Anna Barbauld (1743-1825), Thomas Day (1748-1789), Sarah Trimmer (1741-1810), and Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) formed the inner core of what Isaac Kramnic called the new "Bourgeois Ideologues." (9) These individuals, to a great extent, defined a new generation of literature for the consumption and instruction of children with the aim of encouraging them to improve themselves.
The writer sent the book, shortly after it was published in 1815, to fellow novelist Maria Edgeworth whose family have put it up for sale.
It is no coincidence that Sarah Harriet was an enthusiastic reader of Jane Austen and an admirer of Maria Edgeworth and Sir Walter Scott.
Several make effective use of fiction: by Lady Morgan, Maria Edgeworth, Somerville and Ross, and Elizabeth Bowen.
Many readers will be familiar with the contributions made by Ireland's authors over the past few centuries, which include, such eminent names as, Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849), Thomas Moore (1779-1852), William Carleton (1794-1869), Gerald Griffin (1803-1840), Sheridan Le Fanu (1814-1873).
In Northanger Abbey, for instance, Baker traces out literary connections to Henry Fielding, Samuel Richardson, and John Gay (241-42); Alexander Pope, Thomas Gray, James Thomson, and William Shakespeare (243); Anne Radcliffe and Maria Edgeworth (252); and Francis Lathom, Eliza Parson, Regina Marie Roche, Peter Will, Eleanor Sleuth, and Peter Teuthold (253).