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Maria Feodorovna(märē`ä fyô`dərəvnə), 1847–1928, czarina of Russia, consort of Alexander IIIAlexander III,
1845–94, czar of Russia (1881–94), son and successor of Alexander II. Factors that contributed to Alexander's reactionary policies included his father's assassination, his limited intelligence and education, his military background, and the influence
..... Click the link for more information. and mother of Nicholas IINicholas II,
1868–1918, last czar of Russia (1894–1917), son of Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna. Road to Revolution
Nicholas was educated by private tutors and the reactionary Pobyedonostzev.
..... Click the link for more information. . Originally named Dagmar, she was the daughter of Christian IXChristian IX,
1818–1906, king of Denmark (1863–1906). A member of the cadet line of Sonderburg-Glücksburg, he succeeded Frederick VII, last of the direct line of Oldenburg.
..... Click the link for more information. of Denmark and the sister of Queen AlexandraAlexandra,
1844–1925, queen consort of Edward VII of Great Britain, whom she married in 1863. She was the daughter of Christian IX of Denmark.
..... Click the link for more information. of Great Britain. She devoted herself to philanthropic and educational activities, especially the Red Cross. Detained (1917) in the Crimea by the revolutionaries, she was freed by German forces and immigrated to England and then to Denmark, where she spent her last years. Her remains were moved to St. Petersburg, Russia, in 2006. Her letters to Nicholas II were published in The Secret Letters of the Last Tsar (tr. 1938).
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