Maria Gay

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gay, Maria


Born June 13, 1879, in Barcelona; died July 29, 1943, in New York. Spanish singer (mezzo-soprano).

At the age of 16, Gay was imprisoned for singing revolutionary, antimonarchist songs. Upon her release, she studied with A. Adiny in Paris. She made her debut in 1902 at the Theatre de la Monnaie in Brussels in the role of Carmen (Bizet’s Carmen), and she became famous for her interpretation of this role. Beginning in 1906, Gay toured various countries, including Russia. (She went first to St. Petersburg in 1908, then to Moscow in 1924.) In 1908 she became a soloist with the Metropolitan Opera in New York (1908-10) and with the Boston (1910-12) and Chicago (1913-27) operatic troupes. Her roles were Amneris and Azucena (Verdi’s A’ida and II Trovatore), Delilah (Samson and Delilah by SaintSaëns), Santuzza and Lola (Mascagni’s Cavalleria Rusticana), and Brangäne (Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde). Gay retired from the stage in 1927, lived in New York, and directed a voice school.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wages data from club accounts is compiled for the Scottish Premiership by PricewaterhouseCoopers, for La Liga by Professor Jose Maria Gay de Liebana of the University of Barcelona and for Ligue 1 by the National Directorate of Management Control, the french club licensing authority.
Jose Maria Gay, an economics professor at the University of Barcelona, claims Spanish clubs are operating under unsustainable levels of debt.
"We are the world champions and the champions of Europe at senior and Under-21 level, we have two of the game's best teams, Barca and [Real] Madrid," wrote Jose Maria Gay, the report's author.
Jose Maria Gay, an accounting professor at the University of Barcelona, has calculated that the 20 clubs in the Primera Liga have a combined debt of around $3.9billion, roughly equal to the money owed to creditors by their English Premier League rivals.