Maria Goeppert-Mayer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goeppert-Mayer, Maria


Born June 28, 1906, in Katowice, Poland. American physicist; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Goeppert-Mayer graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1930, and she has worked in the USA since then. From 1946 to 1959 she was a professor at the E. Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies in Chicago, and since 1960 she has been a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. She has written major works in the fields of quantum mechanics, crystal lattice theory, statistical mechanics, and nuclear physics. In 1951 she constructed a model of the shell of an atomic nucleus. Goeppert-Mayer was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1963.


In Russian translation:
Statisticheskaia mekhanika. Moscow, 1952. (With J. Mayer.)
Elementarnaia teoriia iadernykh obolochek. Moscow, 1958. (With J. H. D. Jensen.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Strickland is the first female physics laureate for 55 years, and only the third female physics laureate in history; the other two being Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963, for work on the nuclear shell structure, and Marie Curie in 1903 for her research on radiation.
It is after 55 years that a woman has won the coveted honour as Maria Goeppert Mayer shared accolade in 1963 prize for discoveries about the nucleus of atoms.
Of the 112 physics prizes the Nobel committee has awarded since 1901, the only women winners before Strickland were Marie Curie in 1903 and Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963.
Literature Name Year Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlof 1909 Grazia Deledda 1926 Sigrid Undset 1928 Pearl Buck 1938 Gabriela Mistral 1945 Nelly Sachs 1966 Nadine Gordimer 1991 Toni Morrison 1993 Wislawa Szymborska 1996 Elfriede Jelinek 2004 Dorris Lessing 2007 Herta Muller 2009 Alice Munro 2013 Science Name Year Sub-field Marie Sklodowska Curie-- 1903 Physics Marie Sklodowska Curie-- 1911 Chemistry Irene Joliot-Curie 1935 Chemistry Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori 1947 Physiology or Medicine Maria Goeppert Mayer 1963 Physics Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1964 Chemistry Rosalyn Sussman Yalow 1977 Physiology or Medicine Barbara McClintock 1983 Physiology or Medicine Rita Levi-Montalcini 1986 Physiology or Medicine Gertrude B.
Maria Goeppert Mayer, who died in 1972 aged 66, won the Nobel Prize for physics.
A few women made sensational contributions, and Rossiter gives full weight to the character and circumstances of Nobel Laureates Gerry Cori in 1947 and Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963.
Canadian Strickland is the first woman in 55 years to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, following Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963, who was recognised for her work on the nuclear shell structure.
Framed by a succinct introduction and brief epilogue, the book consists of five mini-biographies: of Milena Maric Einstein, Lee Krasner, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Denise Scott Brown and Sandra Day O'Connor.