Maria Goeppert-Mayer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goeppert-Mayer, Maria


Born June 28, 1906, in Katowice, Poland. American physicist; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Goeppert-Mayer graduated from the University of Göttingen in 1930, and she has worked in the USA since then. From 1946 to 1959 she was a professor at the E. Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies in Chicago, and since 1960 she has been a professor at the University of California at Berkeley. She has written major works in the fields of quantum mechanics, crystal lattice theory, statistical mechanics, and nuclear physics. In 1951 she constructed a model of the shell of an atomic nucleus. Goeppert-Mayer was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1963.


In Russian translation:
Statisticheskaia mekhanika. Moscow, 1952. (With J. Mayer.)
Elementarnaia teoriia iadernykh obolochek. Moscow, 1958. (With J. H. D. Jensen.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, Marie Curie and Maria Goeppert-Mayer won the prestigious award.
Strickland is the first woman to be awarded the physics prize since 1963, when Maria Goeppert-Mayer was recognized for her work on the structure of nuclei.
I'm honoured to be one of those women," said Donna Strickland, who became the third woman to receive the Nobel prize in physics, joining Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963, and Marie Curie in 1903.
The last woman to win the physics prize, German-born American physicist Maria Goeppert-Mayer, took the prize for her discoveries about the nuclei of atoms.
Maria Goeppert-Mayer, who later won the Nobel Prize in physics, also worked for the Manhattan Project and at the Los Alamos Laboratory helping to develop physicist Edward Teller's "Super" Bomb.
He taught nine Nobel prize winners, including Werner Heisenberg, Enrico Fermi, Otto Stern, Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac, and Maria Goeppert-Mayer. Born was a lifelong friend of Albert Einstein, and the two sparred for most of their lives over the veracity of quantum physics.
* Maria Goeppert-Mayer (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1963) received her prize thirteen years after making her pivotal discovery about the nuclear shell model-and just three years after finally landing a full-time paid university job at the University of California at La Jolla.
And Maria Goeppert-Mayer, who received a full-paid professorship at age 53 (at the University of California, San Diego) only after she had been awarded the Nobel Prize, concluded that "while it was hard to be a woman physicist, it was nearly impossible to be a married woman physicist" (p.