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Anderson, Marian,1897–1993, American contralto, b. Philadelphia. She was the first African American to be named a permanent member of the Metropolitan Opera Company, as well as the first to perform at the White House. Anderson first sang in Philadelphia church choirs, then studied with Giuseppe Boghetti. She began her concert career in 1924 and achieved her first great successes in Europe. Her rich, wide-ranged voice was superbly suited to opera, lieder, and the spirituals that she included in her concerts and recordings. In 1939, when the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) refused to allow her to perform at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., Eleanor RooseveltRoosevelt, Eleanor
(Anna Eleanor Roosevelt) , 1884–1962, American humanitarian, b. New York City. The daughter of Elliott Roosevelt and niece of Theodore Roosevelt, she was an active worker in social causes before she married (1905) Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a distant
..... Click the link for more information. publicly resigned her DAR membership in protest against the racist snub and sponsored Anderson's landmark concert at the Lincoln Memorial. In 1955 Anderson made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera. She was appointed an alternate delegate to the United Nations in 1958 and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963.
See her autobiography, My Lord, What a Morning (1956); biography by A. Keiler (2000); R. Arsenault, The Sound of Freedom: Marian Anderson, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Concert That Awakened America (2009).
Born Feb. 17, 1902, in Philadelphia. American operatic and concert singer (contralto). Negro by origin.
Marian Anderson studied singing with M. Patterson and G. Boghetti. She began her concert career after receiving first prize in a competition for vocalists in New York (1925). She performed on tour in many countries, including the USSR in 1934–35. Endowed with a lovely, powerful voice of unusually large range and a distinguished musical talent, she performs works of diverse character and style. Her repertoire includes works by J. S. Bach, L. Beethoven, J. Brahms, G. Mahler, G.Gershwin, F. Schubert, R. Schumann, and other composers, as well as Negro folk songs. She made her debut on the operatic stage in 1955 (Ulrica in Verdi’s The Masked Ball). She was the first Negro singer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera (New York).