Mariana Islands

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Related to Mariana Islands: Caroline Islands, Mariana Trench

Mariana Islands:

see Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islands
, officially Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing entity in association with the United States (2015 est. pop. 55,000), c.
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 and GuamGuam
, Chamorro Guåhan, officially Territory of Guam, the largest, most populous, and southernmost of the Mariana Islands (see also Northern Mariana Islands), an unincorporated territory of the United States (2015 est. pop. 162,000), 209 sq mi (541 sq km), W Pacific.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mariana Islands


(named after the wife of King Philip IV of Spain), a group of islands in the west-central Pacific Ocean, in Micronesia.

The Mariana Islands consist of 15 fairly large islands and several small islands and reefs, forming two chains—the northern and southern. The island of Guam (the administrative center is Agana) is a US possession; the others are a United Nations trust territory governed by the USA (the administrative center is on Saipan). Area of the trust territory, 600 sq km; population, 13,400 (1972). About half of Guam’s population consists of native inhabitants called the Chamorros; approximately 40 percent are Americans from the USA, and approximately 10 percent are Filipinos. Chamorros make up the overwhelming majority of the population on the rest of the islands. A small number of emigrants from the Caroline Islands live on Saipan among the aborigines. The Chamorro language belongs to the group of Austronesian languages. Catholicism is the predominant religion.

The islands in the northern chain of the Marianas are volcanic cones (there are some active volcanoes), with elevations to 965 m; those in the southern chain, which includes the larger islands, are coral and volcanic. There are deposits of phosphorite, sulfur, and iron and manganic ores. The climate is tropical, with trade winds; precipitation measures 1,800-2,100 mm per year. The months from July to October are the most humid. Typhoons are frequent. Vegetation on the Mariana Islands includes humid tropical forests (on the windward slopes) and savannas. There are sugarcane, coconut, banana, cotton, and citrus-fruit plantations; livestock is raised, and there is commercial fishing. The Mariana Islands have naval and military air bases. The islands were discovered in 1521 by F. Magellan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effective April 29, 2008, the Treasury adopted final regulations under [section]935 that provide identical treatment for residents of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. See Treas.
A view shows damages caused by Super Typhoon Yutu in Tinian, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S., October 25, 2018, in this still image taken from a video obtained from social media.
MANILA: Philippine authorities have started preparations for a powerful cyclone, internationally named Yutu, which is expected to rip into northern and central Luzon after leaving a trail of destruction in the US Northern Mariana Islands last week.
The governor's office of the Mariana islands called on residents to "shelter in place." Local news media in Saipan, the commonwealth's capital, reported that emergency shelters had been quickly filled and more shelters were opened to accommodate additional refuge seekers.
The three major earthquakes happened in the New Caledonia, California and the Northern Mariana Islands, with the biggest one hitting the French territory which registered 7.1 on the Richter scale at 3.51 a.m.
The Taiwan team will play against the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) at 10 a.m., Taiwan time, aiming to win the right to represent the Asia-Pacific region in the World Series.
Under the settlement, Syngenta Seeds, a subsidiary of Syngenta AG, will spend $400,000 on eleven worker protection training sessions for growers in Hawaii, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands. Syngenta will also develop compliance kits for use at these trainings and for wider distribution in the agricultural community in English and four other languages commonly spoken by growers and farmworkers in the training locations.
Yes, but you've probably heard of only the five that have permanent residents: American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S.
Northern Mariana Islands Most people probably couldn't point to this archipelago on a map, but that hasn't stopped the Northern Mariana Islands from emerging as one of the fastest growing tourist destinations on the planet.
HONOLULU, Shawwal 24, 1437, July 29, 2016, SPA -- Authorities say a strong earthquake has hit off the coast of the Northern Mariana Islands near Saipan in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, according to AP.
The Supreme Court's 4-4 tie March 29 upholds the circuit court's decision in the matter, but the effect of the law limits its scope to the territory of the court: Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon and Washington state, plus Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.
AGANA, GUAM, Mar 10, 2016 - (JCN Newswire) - DOCOMO PACIFIC Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of NTT DOCOMO, Inc., and NEC Corporation (NEC; TSE: 6701) today announced the signing of a contract to build ATISA, an optical submarine cable system that will connect Guam with the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.