Mariano Azuela

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Azuela, Mariano


Born Jan. 1, 1873, in Lagos de Moreno; died Mar. 1, 1952, in Mexico City. Mexican writer.

In his novels The Defeated (1908) and The Tall Weeds (1909), Azuela critically depicted the social life of Mexico during the Díaz dictatorship. He participated in the Revolution of 1910 and was the author of the first novel devoted to its historical events, The Underdogs (1916; Russian translation, 1960), which initiated a whole literary current known as the novel of the Mexican revolution. After a period of enthusiasm for surrealism (his novels of the 1920’s), he returned to the realistic depiction of life, which he perceived pessimistically. In his novels Comrade Pantoja (1937), Regina Landa (1939), The New Bourgeoisie (1941), and The Curse (1955, posthumously), he presents a satirical picture of life in postrevolutionary Mexico, sharply and angrily stigmatizing demagoguery and political intrigue.


Obras completas, vol. 1–3.Mexico City, 1958–60.


Vinnichenko, I. “Roman Te, kto vnizu i ego mesto ν tvorcheskoi evoliutsii Mariano Asuely.” In Meksikanskii realisticheskii roman XX v. Moscow, 1960.
Kuteishchikova, V. N. Roman Latinskoi Ameriki ν XX v. Moscow, 1964.
Torres-Rioseco, A. Grandes novelistas de la América Hispana, vol. 1.Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1941.
Leal, L. Mariano Azuela: Vida ν obra. Mexico City, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TEACHING Last year, as part of an English class on Romeo and Juliet, Chicago teacher Mariano Azuela took her students on a tour of Verona with Google Cardboard VR.
Hablo de mujeres que gracias al poder de la palabra se convierten en personajes literarios como La Pintada de Mariano Azuela, La coronela de Silvestre Revueltas o Nacha Ceniceros de Nellie Campobello, quien domaba potros igual que Encarnacion Mares (Chonita), soldadera real, o su Josefina Borquez que encarna a la Jesusa de Hasta no verte Jesus mio (1969).
Pulling inspiration from such varied sources as Juan Rulfo, Graham Greene, Mariano Azuela, and the shock-oriented second-hand newspaper accounts of the time, Martinez's novel nevertheless presents the Mexican Revolution in a fresh perspective, one that is more concerned with the personal effects of a confusing conflict on someone who has very little at stake in terms of how others have defined the war rather than on the macrocosmic implications that leave the individual feeling disconnected from the reality of blood and loss on the dry and rocky battlefield.
The two new justices will replace Mariano Azuela Guitron and Genaro Gongora Pimentel, who completed their terms.