Mariano Melgar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Melgar, Mariano


Born Sept. 8, 1791, in Arequipa; died Mar. 12, 1815, in Humachiri. Peruvian poet.

Melgar graduated from a theological seminary. In 1814 he joined the national liberation movement; he was taken prisoner and later shot by the Spanish.

Melgar began his literary career by imitating the neoclassical poets. He also translated classical authors. Melgar later turned to local folklore; he was the first to render into Spanish the original poetic genres of the Quechua Indians: fables andyaravíes (short, lyrical love poems). The social criticism in his fables, the freshness and democratic character of his language, and his efforts to synthesize literary and folk traditions gave Melgar his reputation as one of the founders of Peruvian national poetry.


Poesías. Lima, 1878.
In Russian translation:
“laravi, Kamenotes i mul.”In Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.


Mariátegui, J. C. Semocherkov istolkovaniia peruanskoi deistvitel’nosti. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from Spanish.)
Ospovat, L. S. “O formirovanii natsional’nykh osobennostei peruanskoi poezii.”In Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Wiesse, M. La romántica vida de M. Melgar. Lima, 1939.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Por eso encontramos en la antologia la poesia de diversos autores que van desde Juan de Castellanos y Fernan Gonzalez de Eslava, por ejemplo, hasta Hernando Dominguez Camargo, Juan del Valle y Caviedes, y Mariano Melgar. Lo mejor de la antologia es que nos ofrece una seleccion de composiciones y autores amplia y variada, no unicamente en los cantos maya, nahuatl y quechua, sino tambien en la inclusion de poetas como Martin del Barco Centenera (Logrosan [Espana], c.
One can start at the beginning, like Jose de la Rada y Gamio, the fearless historian who began his biography of the poet Mariano Melgar with the Almighty's creation of the universe.