Mary of Guise

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Mary of Guise

(gēz), 1515–60, queen consort of James V of Scotland and regent for her daughter, Mary Queen of ScotsMary Queen of Scots
(Mary Stuart), 1542–87, only child of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Through her grandmother Margaret Tudor, Mary had the strongest claim to the throne of England after the children of Henry VIII.
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. The daughter of Claude de Lorraine, duc de GuiseGuise
, influential ducal family of France. The First Duke of Guise

The family was founded as a cadet branch of the ruling house of Lorraine by Claude de Lorraine, 1st duc de Guise, 1496–1550, who received the French fiefs of his father, René II, duke
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, she was also known as Mary of Lorraine. Before her marriage (1538) to James V she had been married (1534) to Louis d'Orléans, 2d duc de Longueville, who died in 1537. When James died (1542), shortly after his daughter's birth, James HamiltonHamilton, James, 2d earl of Arran,
d. 1575, Scottish nobleman; son of James Hamilton, 1st earl of Arran. After the death (1542) of James V, he stood next in line to the throne after the infant Mary Queen of Scots.
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, 2d earl of Arran, became regent. He negotiated (1543) the betrothal of the infant Queen Mary to Prince Edward (later Edward VI) of England, but the queen mother persuaded the Scottish Parliament to repudiate the agreement. After the outbreak of war with England, Mary of Guise arranged the betrothal of her daughter to the French dauphin, and the young queen was sent to France. By 1554, with French aid, Mary of Guise had replaced the ineffectual Arran as regent, and she made no secret of her desire to bring France and Scotland together. Meanwhile, Protestantism was spreading rapidly in Scotland, and Mary, though at first conciliatory toward the reformers, began a campaign of suppression. In 1559 the Protestants, exhorted by John KnoxKnox, John,
1514?–1572, Scottish religious reformer, founder of Scottish Presbyterianism. Early Career as a Reformer

Little is recorded of his life before 1545. He probably attended St. Andrews Univ.
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, rose against the regent and declared her deposed. Mary received French aid, but the Protestants, allied with the English, proved the stronger force. The civil war was concluded shortly after Mary's death by the Treaty of Edinburgh (1560), which ended the French domination of Scotland and opened the way for the establishment of the Protestant church.
References in periodicals archive ?
The episode is likely to introduce Mary's mother, Marie de Guise. Mary's mother may throw her daughter "off-kilter," according to an E!
Marie De Guise, owned by Ballymacoll Stud, looked a picture in the paddock and showed a willing attitude to defeat the favourite Copper Penny by a short head.
Online report , the role of Mary's mother, Marie de Guise, will be played by Amy Brenneman.
Nottingham 1.25 Excellent Aim, 1.55 Jonelha, 2.55 Marie De Guise, 4.10 Bourne, 4.45 Thoughtsofstardom.
With Marie de Guise, she does use Mary, and it's questionable whether or not she's emotionally invested in Mary's emotional well-being," Kane had said.
Highly-regarded Gene Autry (4.00) can follow up for the yard later on the card and at Sandown tonight, I fancy the boy Moore to boot home Treble Jig (6.50) and Marie De Guise (8.35) for Guv'nor Stoute.
Marie De Guise (8.35 Sandown) Had a few niggly problems last year but was good enough to make a winning debut at Nottingham.
Marie De Guise (3.40) has been crying out for a step up to this trip and I expect a big run in the fillies' handicap at Salisbury.
Newmarket Tony Elves Copper Penny (6.30 Beverley, nap) Runner-up in both her starts this season and only headed on the line by the Sir Michael Stoute-trained Marie De Guise over 1m at Nottingham 19 days ago.
2.10 SCRUFFY SKIP, 2.40 SAN FERMIN, 3.15 SPEED DATING, 3.55 LOVE DELTA (NAP), 4.25 CAPPONI, 4.55 SAKHEE'S PEARL, 5.25 GRACIE'S GIFT DOUBLE: LOVE DELTA and MARIE DE GUISE (8.35 Sandown)
This might make Mary wary about her brother and her mother, Marie de Guise. But, it is also likely to cause a rift between Mary and Francis.
According to the original plan, Duke of Guise and his army were supposed to march towards Scotland to help Marie de Guise.