Marie de' Medici

(redirected from Marie de Medici)

Marie de' Medici

(mĕd`ĭchē), 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband; the duc de SullySully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de
, 1560–1641, French statesman. Born and reared a Protestant, he fought in the Wars of Religion under the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre (later King Henry IV of France). Before 1606 he was known as baron de Rosny.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was replaced by her favorite, Concini, and the carefully hoarded treasury surplus was dissipated in court extravagance and in pensions to the discontented nobles. In foreign affairs she abandoned the traditional anti-Hapsburg policy. A new Franco-Spanish alliance was formed by the marriage of Louis to Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain, and was further cemented by the marriage of the French princess Elizabeth to the future Philip IV of Spain. Having remained in power for three years beyond the king's majority, Marie was forced into exile after the murder of Concini (1617). In 1619 her partisans rose in revolt, but she was reconciled to her son in 1622. After the rise to power of her former favorite, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
..... Click the link for more information.
, she attempted (1630) to regain influence by urging the king to dismiss his minister of state; instead Louis forced his mother into a new exile at Compiègne, whence she fled to the Netherlands (1631), never to return to France. She was the mother of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. The marriage of Marie and Henry IV was the subject of a celebrated series of paintings by Peter Paul Rubens.


See biographies by J. Pardoe (3 vol., 1852), A. P. Lord (1903), and L. Batiffol (1906; tr. 1908, repr. 1970).

Medici, Marie de':

see Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
and Marie de Medici, and the exquisite court-mourning for the afore-mentioned queen, together with a few words let fall by M.
Did I ever tell you that my mother was lady of honor to Marie de Medici "
Raphael pictured such infernal villains as Catherine and Marie de Medicis seated in heaven and conversing familiarly with the Virgin Mary and the angels, (to say nothing of higher personages,) and yet my friends abuse me because I am a little prejudiced against the old masters--because I fail sometimes to see the beauty that is in their productions.
First, our associate and managing editor Melinda Gough, who won prizes in the past year for two different essays-Best Article in Early Modern Women 7 (2012) for 'Marie de Medici's 1605 Ballet de la Reine and the Virtuosic Female Voice', and the 2013 Barbara D.
In 1604 it was bought for 75,000 livres by French king Henry IV as a gift for his wife, Marie de Medici.
Yet we know that Marie de Medici's household did include dwarfs and, as I argue elsewhere, a close look at records regarding the Caccini consort's sojourn at the French royal court for the winter 1605 festival season makes highly credible this letter's assertion that an Italienne sang with a 'voice more divine than human' as part of Marie's ballet that year.
But Berce also argues that France was incredibly lucky that Gabrielle d'Estrees, the great love of Henry's life, died before Henry could make her queen and that, instead, he married Marie de Medici. Not only did Marie bring a generous dowry to France, she gave Henry six children and proved to be a most able regent for young Louis XIII.
But in the 1630s, when Louis XIII and his courtiers initiated a campaign against the Queen Mother Marie de Medici, a systematic discrediting of all powerful queens revived Marguerite's black legend.
Lorenzo de Medici Jeffrey Carlson Alessandro de Medici Robert Cuccinli Salviati Bernard Burak Sheredy Mafeo Tyler Pierce Gabriella Kim Stauffer Paolo David Sabin Sofia Kate Kiley Louisa Strozzi Colleen Delaney Countess Cibo Chandler Vinton Count Cibo Ralph Cosham Cardinal Cibo Michael Rudko Young Cibo Austin Riggs Agnolo Sebastian Rodriguez Valori Floyd King Catherine de Medici Marni Penning Marie de Medici Tana Hicken Philip Strozzi Ted van Griethuysen Piero Strozzi Pedro Pascal Tebaldeo Aubrey Deeker Bindo J.
Muhlstein is a former winner of the Prix Goncourt, and has written biographies of Catherine de Medici, Marie de Medici and Anne of Austria.
Ellenius pursues the iconographic theme of the union of Minerva and Fortuna, which presumably was adopted from Antwerp (Rubens took it up in the Marie de Medici cycle), for Queen Christina, the "Swedish Minerva." She was seen to have navigated the Swedish ship of state wisely, leading by means of Minerva and Fortuna, an allegory of Sweden in the contemporary political scene.
Jessica Bell argues forcefully that Marie de Medici influenced her daughter's artistic preferences.