Marie de' Medici

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Medici, Marie de':

see Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
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Marie de' Medici

(mĕd`ĭchē), 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband; the duc de SullySully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de
, 1560–1641, French statesman. Born and reared a Protestant, he fought in the Wars of Religion under the Huguenot leader Henry of Navarre (later King Henry IV of France). Before 1606 he was known as baron de Rosny.
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 was replaced by her favorite, Concini, and the carefully hoarded treasury surplus was dissipated in court extravagance and in pensions to the discontented nobles. In foreign affairs she abandoned the traditional anti-Hapsburg policy. A new Franco-Spanish alliance was formed by the marriage of Louis to Anne of Austria, daughter of King Philip III of Spain, and was further cemented by the marriage of the French princess Elizabeth to the future Philip IV of Spain. Having remained in power for three years beyond the king's majority, Marie was forced into exile after the murder of Concini (1617). In 1619 her partisans rose in revolt, but she was reconciled to her son in 1622. After the rise to power of her former favorite, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, she attempted (1630) to regain influence by urging the king to dismiss his minister of state; instead Louis forced his mother into a new exile at Compiègne, whence she fled to the Netherlands (1631), never to return to France. She was the mother of Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. The marriage of Marie and Henry IV was the subject of a celebrated series of paintings by Peter Paul Rubens.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Pardoe (3 vol., 1852), A. P. Lord (1903), and L. Batiffol (1906; tr. 1908, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Explaining about the painting Prof Robins said, "[This sketch] belongs to a group of portrait drawings of Marie de Medicis made circa 1622...
87-88; Eusbe Pavie, La guerre entre Louis XIII et Marie de Medicis 1619-1620 (Angers, 1895), pp.
Sur l'entree de Marie de Medicis, reine de France, a Lyon, le 3 decembre 1600, voir Pierre Matthieu, L'entree de la reine a Lyon, Lyon, Thibaud Ancelin, 1600 (Bibliotheque Mazarine 53413).
Cette collection, "Le Rencontre des muses de France et d'Italie," est dediee a la reine Marie de Medicis. Tout en louant la langue, le style et le genie des poetes, l'anonyme demande a sa protectrice de juger elle meme de la capacite du "cygne francais" d'egaler, voire surpasser, les auteurs italiens.
Integrating religio-politics (Cardinal Alessandro Farnese and Marie de Medicis) and other spheres (including melancholia); finally, the myth legacy arrives at the nascent age of science in the early Seicento when some begin to hope that astrology will finally bow to astronomy and myth to history.
Catherine de Medicis, Marie de Medicis, and Anne d'Autriche, all of foreign birth, all vulnerable, took it on themselves to act as intermediaries between the son, their sovereign, and "his" government.
Queen Marie de Medicis may not draw as many admirers as Mona Lisa does, but in some ways she is even more intriguing than her mysterious neighbor.
Inevitably in such allegorical interpretations there are debatable details: contending that elements of Chloridia reflect the ongoing dispute between Marie de Medicis and Cardinal Richelieu, she identifies Cupid with the cardinal ("Marie de Medicis' former servant, a position of dependence that can be equated with the masque's emphasis on Cupid as a child" [83]), which seems dubious.
Such a stance won him condemnation from Rome and, when the French crown fell to the more ultramontane regency of Marie de Medicis in 1611, de Thou was passed over for appointment to the First Presidency of the Parlement of Paris.
Helt, "Memento Mori: Death, Widowhood and Remembering in Early Modern England"; Marina Arnold, "Mourning Widows: Portraits of Widows and Widowhood in Funeral Sermons from Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel"; Joyce de Vries, "Casting Her Widowhood: The Contemporary and Posthumous Portraits of Caterina Sforza"; Elizabeth McCartney, "A Widow's Tears, A Queen's Ambition: The Variable History of Marie de Medicis's Bereavement"; Michael E.
Students and scholars of early modern French history may be familiar with the story of how Catherine de Medicis, Marie de Medicis, and Anne d'Autriche served as regents for their minor sons (Charles IX, Louis XIII, and Louis XIV, respectively) during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
mother's, but was not as distant as Marie de Medicis from the