The Ursulines lost some of their early records, including some of Sr Marie de l'Incarnation
's Huron and Algonquin dictionaries, while the Hotel-Dieu in Quebec suffered a fire that claimed many of its files in 1755.
The first was Marie de l'Incarnation
, a French widow and a trailblazer.
Patricia Demers' chapter extends the ambit of the volume by comparing Collins' spiritual concerns with those of Mere Marie de l'Incarnation
, a French Ursuline nun who travelled to Canada to undertake missionary work.
Patricia Smart, De Marie de l'Incarnation
a Nelly Arcan.
Harvey contends that the four women she studies--Anne Bradstreet and Anne Hutchinson in New England, Sor Juana fries de la Cruz in Mexico, and Marie de l'Incarnation
in Quebec--deploy this second concept of modesty in their writings and use it both to engage a wide range of discourses familiar to the authors and to challenge the misogynist claims within them.
Jean de Brebeuf, a missionary in Canada from 1625 to 1649, and Catherine's celestial cathedral guide, was a practicing mystic during his life, as was the famous Ursuline nun and writer, Marie de l'Incarnation
, when she arrived in Quebec in 1639.
He composed some of his own songs and was particularly proud of his Tribute to Marie de l'Incarnation
; he was invited to perform for the Ursuline Congregation in 1969 and was re-invited for every anniversary celebration.
in 1615, taking the name of Marie de l'Incarnation
. (21) In
Her central text here is a fascinating document about the life of Sor Catalina de Jesus y San Francisco, written by her son, Juan Bernique (and here Natalie Zemon Davis's analysis of the similar case of Marie de l'Incarnation
might have produced some interesting comparisons).
briefly suggests that Francis de Sales's "ecstasy of action" and Marie de l'Incarnation
's "ecstatic condition" are more effective in integrating Christ's humanity with the mystic's lived experience; this idea merits further investigation.
However, as in the historical account, the nuns are soon cast out of their home, though not before they take a more dramatic single (not daily repeated) vow of martyrdom, urged on this time not by their new Prioress, Madame Lidoine (who is, instead, absent from the convent at the time), but by Marie de l'Incarnation
. In this version Marie is presented as a foil for the frightened Blanche: a natural daughter of a French aristocrat, she is noble in bearing as well as birth, brave, and resolute--a woman much admired by the narrator, and, one senses, by the author herself.
Les religieuses evoquees par l'auteure dans son premier chapitre sont, comme la fondatrice du monastere, Marie de l'Incarnation
, des femmes volontaires, ayant une experience de vie et un remarquable sens pratique qu'elles appliquent avec determination: leurs broderies delicates sont clairement appliquees a la banniere d'une << oeuvre de civilisation >>.