Marina Raskova

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Marina Raskova
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Raskova, Marina Mikhailovna


Born Mar. 15 (28), 1912, in Moscow; died Jan. 4, 1943, near Saratov. Soviet pilot-navigator; major (1942). Hero of the Soviet Union (Nov. 2, 1938). Member of the CPSU from 1940. Daughter of teachers.

Raskova worked at the air navigation laboratory of the N. E. Zhukovskii Air Force Academy from 1932. She graduated as a navigator from the Central Training Center of the Civil Air Fleet in 1934 and from the pilots’ school of the Central Air Club in 1935. She joined the Red Army in 1938. The same year Raskova was a navigator on long-distance nonstop flights. On July 2, together with P. D. Osipenko and V. Lomako, she flew from Sevastopol’ to Arkhangel’sk on a seaplane, and on September 24–25, together with V. S. Grizodubova and Osipenko, from Moscow to the Far East on the ANT-37 airplane. In the Great Patriotic War (1941—45), Raskova commanded an air detachment for the formation of women’s air regiments and was from January 1942 commander of a women’s bombardment aviation regiment.

Raskova died in the line of duty and was buried in Red Square at the Kremlin Wall. She was awarded two Orders of Lenin and the Order of the Patriotic War First Class (posthumously). Raskova is the author of Notes of a Navigator (1939).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the heart of the Soviet training program for women was pilot Marina Raskova, and by chronicling Raskova's youth against the backdrop of Russia's political climate, Wein effectively provides historical background for her audience.
it was on the behest of Marina raskova that female air regiments were formed with volunteer women pilots and other women volunteers to act as mechanics, staff personnel, gunners and navigators.
The Falcons began with Marina Raskova, who earned celebrity status after she set a world record by flying from Moscow to the Far East in 1938.
The author has included numerous black-and-white photographs of these women fliers, and she devotes a special chapter to Marina Raskova, a Russian aviator whose achievements were considered tantamount to those of Amelia Earhart.
Just as Great Britain had Amy Johnson and the United States had Amelia Earhart, so did the USSR have the charismatic and outspoken Marina Raskova. Not only did Raskova lead the charge for the mobilization of women's aviation units, but also her organizational and leadership abilities decisively shaped the initial efforts, often in opposition to mainstream Red Air Force thinking on the subject.
In the Soviet Union, Marina Raskova, famous for her historic Far East flight in 1938, formed the USSR's first all-female aviation regiments, which flew combat missions along the Eastern Front.
Most stress the role of Marina Raskova, the woman who formed the first female regiment and inspired them to join the service.