Marine Climate

marine climate

[mə′rēn ′klī·mət]
A regional climate which is under the predominant influence of the sea, that is, a climate characterized by oceanity; the antithesis of a continental climate. Also known as maritime climate; oceanic climate.

Marine Climate


the climate that forms in conditions where the ocean is the dominant influence on the atmosphere. This climate is most pronounced above the oceans, but it also extends to continental regions that are subject to frequent influences by maritime air masses. Therefore the term “marine climate” is also applied to some land areas (for example, the marine climate of Western Europe and of numerous ocean islands). The effect of the marine climate on land is realized primarily through the general atmospheric circulation. For example, for the climate of Western Europe the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean is not as important as the fact that air masses in this region tend to move from west to east (that is, toward the continent) throughout the year. Therefore, maritime air masses pass over Western Europe more frequently than do continental air masses.

A marine climate is characterized by comparatively small variations in yearly and daily temperature (in the temperate latitudes this climate is marked by intensive cyclonic activity, cool summers, and warm winters). Because water masses heat and cool more slowly than the land, August is frequently the warmest month above the oceans in the northern hemisphere and February is the coldest (in the southern hemisphere the opposite is true). In regions with a marine climate it is usually warmer in the autumn than in the spring. The moisture content of the air and annual precipitation above oceans are somewhat greater than they are in regions with a continental climate at the same latitudes, and most of the precipitation frequently falls in the winter. The air above the oceans is distinguished by a low dust content and a high content of particles of sea salts. Winds are usually stronger and more constant than above land. Summer breezes are frequent in coastal regions.


References in periodicals archive ?
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The marine climate of Issyk-Kul gives favorable treatment and we can say that tourists can not only work here, but also relax and treat their health," he said.
Changes in the marine climate have already affected the coastal environment which may affect the attractiveness to some tourists [19].
The refocus is not ubiquitous for all coastal communities and in this study we will provide insight into location differences and put this in the context of marine climate change.
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Says the general manager Bert Plas: "Sofitel Bahrain is the first and the only hotel in the GCC market to offer Thalassa sea and spa treatments that use sea water and marine climate for well-being and remedial purposes.
Team member Associate Professor Anthony Richardson from the School of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Queensland became interested in how species might respond to climate change during his work on a global synthesis of marine climate impacts.

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