(35) According to this version of Mariology
, the Virgin represents the triumph of humanity, love, and mercy over divine judgment.
Accordingly, the most virulent of the Protestant attacks on Mariology
were directed at the proliferation of Marian relics and shrines.
To date, there has been no real engagement with Mariology
in the writings of George Mackay Brown (1921-96).
Several important links are missing from Rossini's analysis in my opinion, however, such as the medieval Church's incorporation of verses from the Wisdom books into the liturgy for the Virgin Mary and development of a sapiential Mariology
. He also virtually ignores Lady Philosophy, Beatrice's predecessor and rival, clearly a medieval avatar of Lady Wisdom, and never mentions Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy as another important intermediary between the Hebrew personification and Dante.
Here the reader finds a veritable Aladdin's cave of riches as Rubin traverses huge swathes of territory in search of the various incarnations of Mary in the Middle Ages, from the cloisters of Cistercians and medieval women mystics to the streets of university towns where Mariology
was discussed and debated--and also where, some streets away, she was employed as a bulwark against "heretics" and Jews--to medieval parish churches and, on occasion, right into individual households.
While Reformers harshly criticized idolatrous Marian devotions, and those that overstated her role to the detraction of Christ's, they often maintained a high Mariology
in many respects.
Elizabeth Howe cites among the five tenets of Mariology
Her function as co-redemptress of mankind; the other four being Her virginity, Her maternity of God and man, Her role as mediatrix and Her Immaculate Conception ("Heavenly Defense..." 190).
Christa Gardner von Teuffel's essay in this book looks specifically at the Mariology
of the Carmelites, the confraternity, and the Brancacci, through the prism of the Madonna del Popolo and its history, before and after being placed in the Brancacci Chapel.
Before I discuss Anzaldua's spectral analysis of Guadalupe, I want to place it in the framework of traditional and folk Mariology
in order to see which issues are Mary's in general and which are Guadalupe's specifically.
(122) A further point that shows how radically Epstein wishes to rethink Christian theology and music's potential within it is her relocation of musical theology as intrinsic to Mariology
. If the Incarnation of Christ is read as "God's music-made-flesh," then Mary's womb, as the first location for Jesus, becomes "the incarnate song of God [that] celebrates and redeems human embodiment" (126).
The model of a liberation Mariology
is the text of Mary's prophetic song, the Magnificat (Luke 1:46-55).
The faith tradition also experienced a shift in ideology, resulting in the emergence of distinct forms of Mariology
, according to other scholars.