surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.

surveillance

Monitoring people's actions and behavior either via camera or by tracking financial transactions. Surveillance is performed by governments for the protection of its people such as detecting criminals or for the preservation of an authoritarian administration. See connected camera, CCTV, network camera, facial recognition and sousveillance.
References in periodicals archive ?
"When I tell them that market surveillance rules are blocked because of an item from another legislation, which does not even concern them, they find this unbelievable."
Additionally, speakers will offer practical guidance and strategies on how to effectively deal with CFTC examinations under its trade practice and market surveillance program.
The six-item package of measures released Thursday includes stronger market surveillance by financial regulators including a crackdown on such unfair transactions as market manipulations and the spreading of rumors.
The agencies have set up a working group on market surveillance, with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York accepting primary responsibility for collecting and disseminating information.
The product safety package, published by the European Commission on 13 February, is composed of a proposal for a regulation on product safety and proposal for a regulation on market surveillance.
Hammar, Special Counsel, Covington & Burling LLP will speak at the Knowledge Congress' webcast entitled: “Strategies to Deal with the CFTC's Trade Practice and Market Surveillance (TP/MS) Program.” This event is scheduled for May 29, 2013 from 12:00pm - 2:00pm (ET).
It may be added here that in order to ensure market surveillance, the Insurance Division is in the process of formulating regulations on microinsurance and developing its legal framework for specialized micro insurance companies.
Based on Aite Group interviews with technology providers, regulators, and exchange operators, the report provides an overview of the global state of market surveillance capabilities.
The national stock exchanges in Korea and the Philippines have announced plans to improve their market surveillance capabilities with the implementation of new monitoring systems.
The Central Securities Depository will be set up in Kyrgyzstan according to the governmental order, Financial Market Surveillance and Regulation Service told Business AKIpress.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-29 January 2008-Turquoise partners with Progress Software and Detica on Market Surveillance System(C)1994-2008 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com