Markiewicz, Constance Georgine, Countess

Markiewicz, Constance Georgine, Countess

(märkyā`vĭts), 1868–1927, Irish politician and patriot. A member of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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, she was sentenced to death for her militant part in the Easter Rebellion of 1916 but was released in 1917. The daughter of an Irish baronet, she was married (1900) to a Polish count. In 1918 she was the first woman to be elected to the British House of Commons, but she never took her seat. Instead she sat in the Dáil ÉireannDáil Éireann
[Irish,=diet of Ireland], the popular representative body of the Oireachtas, or National Parliament, of the Republic of Ireland. The second, smaller chamber, the Saenad Éireann, or Senate, has very limited powers, and the executive, as
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 until her death.

Bibliography

See her Prison Letters (1934, repr. 1970); biographies by A. Marreco (1967) and S. O'Faoláin (rev. ed. 1968).

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