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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of rodents of the family Sciuridae. The body measures up to 60 cm in length, and the tail is generally less than half the body length. The coloration varies from light sandy-ocher to dark brown and ocher-red. The head is usually darker than the trunk. Members of the genus Marmota, which consists of 15 species, inhabit open areas of plains, except deserts and tundras, and mountains of the northern hemisphere to an elevation of 4,800 m. There are six species in the USSR, the best known being the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota), the Tarba-gan marmot (Marmota bobac), and Marmota sibirica; these species inhabit the steppes and semideserts from the Volga Region to Kamchatka.

The animals live in colonies in deep burrows. They hibernate in the winter. The diet consists of the young shoots of fonds and grasses. The female usually gives birth to four or five young, which grow to maturity within two to three years. Marmots are hunted for their fur. Many are natural carriers of the pathogen of bubonic plague. Fossil remains dating from the end of the Miocene have been found.


Mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR, part 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gauthier, "Parasite adaptations to hibernation in Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota)," in Proceedings of the 11th International Hibernation Symposium: Life in the Cold, G.
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Maher (2009) noted woodchuck Marmota monax locations with respect to the nearest burrow for which he had previously obtained GPS measures.
(1965): "Las marmotas del yacimiento prehistorico de Lezetxiki (Guipfizcoa)", Munibe, 17, pp.
Behavior of marmots Marmota marmota under the influence of different hiking activities.
Woodchucks are members of the marmot clan, the genus name Marmota being a proper Latin scientific name with a less-than-proper English translation: mountain rat.
This loss of alpine tundra will decrease the success of obligate tundra species such as hoary marmot (Marmota caligata), collared pika (Ochotona collaris), and ptarmigan (Lagopus sp.) (Martin, 2001).
The Vancouver Island marmot, Marmota vancouverensis, is the most endangered animal in Canada.
Secondly, it makes a comparison between Machado's translation, as it was published both in A Marmota and in book form, and the original text by Victor Henaux.