marmot

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marmot,

ground-living rodentrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the genus Marmota, of the squirrelsquirrel,
name for small or medium-sized rodents of the family Sciuridae, found throughout the world except in Australia, Madagascar, and the polar regions; it is applied especially to the tree-living species.
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 family, closely related to the ground squirrel, prairie dog, and chipmunk. Marmots are found in Eurasia and North America; the best-known North American marmot is the woodchuckwoodchuck
or groundhog,
common name of a North American species of marmot, Marmota monax. This large rodent is found in open woods and ravines throughout most of Canada and the NE United States. Its heavyset body is about 2 ft (60 cm) long, excluding the 6 in.
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, M. monax, of Canada and the E United States. Marmots inhabit plains or open country in mountainous regions. They live in burrows (some species in large colonies). They hibernate during the winter and mate immediately thereafter. Active during the day, they feed chiefly on grasses and other green plants. Marmots have stout bodies, rounded ears, and powerful digging claws. They can sit upright. They vary in length from 15 to 25 in. (38–64 cm), excluding 5- to 12-in. (16- to 30-cm) bushy tails. The coarse fur, which is usually brown on the upper parts, is often tipped with white. The yellow-bellied marmot, M. flaviventris, is found in W North America from S Canada to New Mexico. The hoary marmot, M. caligata, also called whistler from its shrill warning call, is found in Siberia and from Alaska S to Idaho. A colonial animal, it lives in mountains above the timberline. Largest of the marmots, it is also distinguished by its pale yellow-gray fur and black and white head. The Alpine marmot, M. marmota, lives below the snow level in the Alps. The bobac, M. bobak, is a marmot found in mountains from E Europe through central Asia. It is hunted for its flesh by the Mongols, and its fur is used as imitation marten. Marmots are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Sciuridae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

marmot

[′mär·mət]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of stout-bodied, short-legged burrowing rodents of the genus Marmota in the squirrel family Sciuridae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

marmot

1. any burrowing sciurine rodent of the genus Marmota, of Europe, Asia, and North America. They are heavily built, having short legs, a short furry tail, and coarse fur
2. prairie marmot another name for prairie dog
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Tissue samples taken from marmots in Florant's lab allow researchers to identify biochemical processes and genes that are active during hibernation - as opposed to genes that are active when they're feeding or engaging in other behaviors.
Unlike marmots, Colorado's chipmunks and ground squirrels seem to be sleeping in.
Instead, in marmots, Armitage argues, "they don't cooperate at all with distant kin.
Currently, the number of marmots living in Kyrgyzstan reached 345,554.
Daniel Blumstein, a professor at University of California, Los Angeles, led the long-term study of 66 adult female marmots who were observed from 2002 to 2015 in the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Colorado.
My real name is yellow-bellied marmot, but I like my nickname.
Specifically, in our study eagles ate fewer Yellow-bellied Marmots (27.6 versus 40.3%), Chukar Partridge (4.4 versus 11.7%), and Blue Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus) (2.2 versus 13.0%).
The man was believed to have caught the infection after contact with a marmot.
From mid-May, we conducted intensive behavioural observations to confirm the structure of marmot social units within territories and started to collect fresh marmot faeces at seven territories where all (24) marmots were captured and either anthelmintic or physiological solution had been administered to them.
The poet is he that hath fat enough, like bears and marmots, to suck his claws all winter.