Marnix, Philip van

Marnix, Philip van

(fē`lĭp vän mär`nĭks), 1540–98, Flemish patriot, lord of Sainte-Aldegonde. He became a Calvinist in his youth and was the chief author of the Compromise of Breda (1566; see GueuxGueux
[Fr.,=beggars], 16th-century Dutch revolutionary party. In 1566 more than 2,000 Dutch and Flemish nobles and burghers (both Protestants and Roman Catholics) signed a document—the so-called Compromise of Breda—by which they bound themselves in solemn oath to
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). A leader in the Dutch and Flemish struggle for independence from Spain, he actively supported William the Silent. He wrote (c.1570) the hymn Wilhelmus van Nassauwe, which was used as the rallying song of the insurgents and which remains the national anthem of the Netherlands. In 1572 he represented William at the estates of Holland, held at Dordrecht, and secured the recognition of William as lawful stadholder of Holland. Among his writings are the vehement anti-Catholic pamphlet, De Biënkorf der H. Roomsche Kercke (1569; tr. The Bee Hive of the Romish Church, 1578?) and a versification of the Psalms (1580).
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