Marquesas Islands


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Marquesas Islands

(märkā`säs), volcanic group (2002 pop. 8,712), South Pacific, a part of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesia,
officially Overseas Lands of French Polynesia, internally self-governing dependency (2015 est. pop. 278,000) of France, consisting of 118 islands in the South Pacific. The capital is Papeete, on Tahiti.
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. There are 12 islands in the group, which lies c.930 mi (1,500 km) NE of Tahiti. The largest island is Nuku HivaNuku Hiva
, volcanic island, 127 sq mi (329 sq km), South Pacific, largest of the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. The island is fertile, with well-watered valleys; its highest point is c.4,000 ft (1,220 m).
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, the seat of the capital, Taiohae; the second largest, Hiva OaHiva Oa
, volcanic island, 154 sq mi (399 sq km), South Pacific, second largest and the most important of the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Hiva Oa is the seat of Atuona, former capital of the Marquesas. The Bay of Traitors, protected by ridges c.
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, is the site of AtuonaAtuona
or Atuana
, town, in the Marquesas Islands, South Pacific, in French Polynesia. Situated on the southern coast of the island of Hiva Oa, Atuona overlooks the Bay of Traitors. Gauguin lived in Atuona Valley and is buried there.
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, the former capital. The Marquesas, famous for their rugged beauty, are fertile and mountainous, rising to 3,904 ft (1,190 m) on Hiva Oa. There are breadfruit, pandanus, and coconut trees; the limited fauna includes wild cattle and hogs. The chief exports are copra, tobacco, cotton, and vanilla. Taiohae Bay, on Nuka Hiva, and the Bay of Traitors, on Hiva Oa, are the major harbors.

The islands are divided into two groups. The southern cluster (sometimes called the Mendaña Islands), including Fatu Huku, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Mohotani, and Fatu Hiva, was visted in 1595 by the Spanish navigator Alvaro de Mendaña de Neira; the northern group (sometimes called the Washington Islands), including Hatutu, Eiao, Motu Iti, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huku, Ua Pou, and Motu One, was visited in 1791 by the American navigator Captain Joseph Ingraham. In 1813, Commodore David Porter claimed Nuku Hiva for the United States, naming it Madison Island, but the U.S. Congress never ratified the claim.

France took possession of the islands in 1842 and established a settlement on Nuku Hiva, which was abandoned in 1859. In 1870 the French administration over the Marquesas was reinstated. Of all the Polynesian peoples, the Marquesans suffered the greatest decline from the spread of European diseases; in the 1850s they numbered some 20,000, about three times the present population. The islands are the setting for Herman Melville's novel Typee.

Marquesas Islands

 

an archipelago in the central part of the Pacific Ocean, in French Polynesia (an overseas territory). Area, 1,274 sq km. Population, 5,600 (1971), consisting of Polynesians. The administrative center is Taiohae. The largest islands are Nuku Hiva and Hiva Oa, which are of volcanic origin and are composed of basalts and tuffs. Elevation, to 1,259 m.

The climate is the healthiest in Polynesia. Average monthly temperatures never fall below 22°C; annual precipitation varies from 1,000 mm and less on the leeward slopes to 2,500 mm on the windward slopes. The humid windward slopes are covered with tropical forest, the leeward slopes with shrub savanna. There are coconut palm, cotton, banana, and coffee plantations. Fishing (eel) and pearl fishing are engaged in. Copra, coffee, vanilla, mother-of-pearl, and phosphates are exported. The Marquesas Islands are a tourist site. They were discovered in 1595 by the Spanish navigator A. de Mendaña de Neira and were named in honor of the Peruvian viceroy the Marquesa de Mendoza.

References in periodicals archive ?
I am deeply grateful to the family of Manuhi Timau, the Marquesas' mayors and their support staff, and the inhabitants of the Marquesas Islands for their caring, generosity, and participation in this research; to the Service de la culture et du patrimoine, the Service du developpement rurale and Palimma for their kind support; and to my dissertation supervisor, Colin Scott.
According to Hornell (1936), the presence of such canoes has not been noted east of Tuamotu and the Marquesas Islands. However, this question was partly answered in 1975 with the discovery of a petroglyph at the Orongo ceremonial center that depicts a double canoe (Mulloy, 1975; Van Tilburg, 1999).
minutior have come from oceanic islands with few or no native ants, e.g., Hawaii, Easter Island, the Marquesas Islands, the Society Islands, the Seychelles, and the Chagos Archipelago.
Carved and painted rock images in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia.
IVORY C., 1999, << Art, Tourism, and Cultural Revival in the Marquesas Islands >>: 316-334, in R.B.
The other seven coronagraphs were stationed on the Japanese island of Hokkaido; on the island of Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas Islands; at the solar observatory at Udaipur, India; on Mt.
Passing through the Panama Canal, the Nossiters sailed Sirius to the Galapagos Islands, then set out on their longest leg, 3,100 nautical miles to the Marquesas Islands. After a leisurely cruise through the South Seas, Sirius approached the coast of New South Wales where, off Sugarloaf, she encountered the worst gale of the circumnavigation and was hove-to for nearly three days.
author and film producer Peter Crawford on the two-week Marquesas Islands voyage departing from Tahiti on Feb.
He also includes the experiences of the French trader Marchand in the Marquesas Islands in 1791, where a 'trembling' young girl was presented 'by venerable old men' to the French sailors.
We can now definitively document the presence of this species in the Marquesas Islands, thus confirming Herring's hypothesis, and also provide records from Moorea, in the Society Islands.
Volcanoes on the Samoan and Marquesas islands are similarly paired.
In May 1995 - late in the season - I set out in Saint Jude from San Francisco, headed for the Marquesas Islands in French Polynesia.