Marquis de Cinq-Mars

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cinq-Mars, Marquis de


(Henri Coiffier de Ruzé). Born 1620; died Sept. 12, 1642, in Lyon. Favorite of King Louis XIII of France.

A son of the marshal Antoine d’Effiat, Cinq-Mars was appointed chief equerry by the king in 1639. His political pretensions aroused the opposition of Cardinal Richelieu, and Cinq-Mars organized a conspiracy to kill the cardinal. The conspirators, who also included F. de Thou, a friend of Cinq-Mars, the duke of Orléans, brother of Louis XIII and the duke of Bouillon, obtained a written promise of assistance from the king of Spain in March 1642. When this document fell into the hands of Richelieu, the conspiracy was exposed. Cinq-Mars and de Thou were subsequently tried and beheaded. Cinq-Mars’ conspiracy inspired A. de Vigny’s novel Cinq-Mars (1826) and C. Gounod’s opera of the same name (1877).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The novel recreates the failed conspiracy against Cardinal Richelieu led by the Marquis de Cinq-Mars. Cinq-Mars, a favorite of Louis XIII, and his fellow aristocratic coconspirator, Francois de Thou, are beheaded after Cardinal Richelieu foils their plot to discredit him.

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