Marranos

(redirected from Marrano)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Marranos

(mərä`nōs): see SephardimSephardim
, one of the two major geographic divisions of the Jewish people, consisting of those Jews whose forebears in the Middle Ages resided in the Iberian Peninsula, as distinguished from those who lived in Germanic lands, who came to be known as the Ashkenazim (see
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Marranos

 

in medieval Spain and Portugal, Jews who officially converted to Christianity.

The number of converts increased in the 14th and 15th centuries (especially after the Royal Edict of 1492, which required that all Jews either adopt Catholicism in three months or leave Spain; about 50,000, attested to in various sources, adopted Christianity). They were an isolated group within the population. The Marranos engaged in trade, tax collecting, and state service. Their wealth aroused the envy of the feudal lords and the clergy. The Marranos were persecuted by the Inquisition, which accused them of secretly adhering to their former faith.

References in periodicals archive ?
Like the Iberian Marranos, the Jews from Holland, Germany, France, and Belgium also sought employment in the colonial enclaves in Asia and Africa by joining the Dutch VOC.
Likewise, for another perspective on the legacy of colonial-era crypto-Judaism, see "'Five Hundred Years of Hunger': Returning," a study by Nathan Wachtel of the descendants of Portuguese conversos in northeast Brazil today that comprises the epilogue of his book The Faith of Remembrance: Marrano Labyrinths, trans.
But what matters is that Abraham certainly figured among the two or three leading merchants of the ten of so Portuguese New Christian families then residing in Nantes and who, despite living outwardly as a 'New Christian', was, like all the Marranos dwelling in France's western ports at the time, an active 'judaizer'--as, presumably, he had been, earlier, in Portugal.
Marrano Poets of the Seventeenth Century: An Anthology of the Poetry of Joao Pinto Delgado, Antonio Enriquez Gomez, and Miguel de Barrios.
Este es el caso de la mencionada anciana de "18 de Octubre": su esperanza para sobrevivir recae unicamente en la venta de un marrano cuya venta, espera, le permitiran comprar algunos lujos y aun guardar, "a plan de baul p'a ir sacando y irme cuidando" (p.
Danos materiales por la perdida de sus pertenencias personales, la quema de sus casas, el hurto de gallinas, cerdos y mercancias por parte de los paramilitares: "eso quedo todo botado, quedo gallina, quedo marrano, todo.
El tema de la Inquisicion ha sido, por antonomasia, un invitado especial en el ambito de la pintura y la literatura, en donde ha fundado toda una leyenda en la que sobresalen las arbitrariedades de la institucion, su extrema perversion y los infinitos y a cual mas horrorosos metodos para "confesar" a quienes se sospechaba de herejes, judios, marranos y moros.
Les dije: "?saben que?, yo tengo miedo con esa criatura porque alla por donde yo vivo, se decia, se veia un muchacho que, que cuando mataban un marrano (cerdo), alla en el rancho que matan marranos [...], y ese muchacho cuando estaba chiquito como, como un agrado como una satisfaccion, veia como hacia el marrano cuando lo estaban matando y que decia: "cuando maten a una gallina o a un marrano invitenme porque me siento bien a gusto ver como se estan, me divierte mucho eso" [...],entonces, ?sabe que?, ahora es un maton a sueldo, el muchacho.
eso no es comida pa' uno, uno en el campo no sufre por comida, va al solar y agarra que una gallina, que un marrano, que el platano, el pescao que es lo que a uno le gusta y lo tiene a mano ...
Y el acucioso recopilador de Noticias de Mexico, Francisco Sedano, dejo constancia de que el 3 de junio de 1733 en el barrio de San Pablo de esta ciudad, una mujer morena pario un monstruo de figura de marrano, liso y sin pelo, de color tostado, cabeza grande, redonda, cerdas en la frente, boca grande, rasgada, 2 dientes, nariz chata, orejas de mono, rabo corto, los pies con pezunas, la mano derecha con 5 dedos y la izquierda con 4, su tamano regular de marranillo.
Marrano's, Marrano's LLC, 15 Marigold Drive, Bellingham, WA 98229.
UniCredit Research economist Mauro Giorgio Marrano said that "any new measures implying an increase in expenditure...