Mars Express


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Mars Express

A mission organized by ESA and the Italian Space Agency to investigate the geology and subsurface structure of Mars and the composition and circulation of its atmosphere. Launched June 2 2003 from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, on top of a Soyuz-Fregat rocket, the 12000-kg probe was the first all-European spacecraft to explore Mars. Built in record time and for a fraction of the cost of other comparable planetary missions, it consisted of an orbiter, the Mars Express craft itself, carrying seven instruments, including radar, for remote-sensing observations of the planet, and a lander, Beagle 2, which would be deployed by the orbiter and touch down on Mars to make on-site measurements of Martian rock and soil. After a six-month journey, Mars Express reached the vicinity of Mars and released Beagle 2 for descent to the planet's surface in Dec. 2003. Beagle 2 was scheduled to land on Mars on Dec. 25 and send a signal back to Earth to show that it was safely down, but the signal was never received and the lander was assumed lost. Meanwhile, Mars Express successfully entered orbit around Mars on the same day and began its scientific investigations. Still functioning in Feb. 2005, it had already sent back a wealth of scientific data. That month ESA scientists announced that Mars Express had detected a vast frozen sea beneath the surface of the planet in the region of the Martian equator.
References in periodicals archive ?
European Space Agency's (ESA) Mars Express, which is its first planetary mission, captured in March fractures on the surface of the red planet that stretches thousands of miles in length in the Sirenum Fossae region in the southern hemisphere.
Hopes were raised earlier at the HQ in Darmstadt, Germany, after computer simulations downloaded from the orbiting Mars Express showed a successful touchdown 100 million miles from Earth.
The probe was designed to have its "all well" signal relayed by an orbiting spacecraft, Mars Express.
A team at Lockheed Martin, Ampthill, provided a key piece of equipment which supported the Beagle 2 probe on the ESA Mars Express Orbiter during its launch and transfer to the red planet.
Images taken by the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, or MRO, and initially searched by Michael Croon of Trier, Germany, a former member of the European Space Agency's Mars Express operations team at the European Space Operations Centre, have identified clear evidence for the lander and convincing evidence for key entry and descent components on the surface of Mars within the expected landing area of Isidis Planitia, an impact basin close to the equator.
NASA s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and a radar instrument aboard the European Space Agency s Mars Express spacecraft provided the first close-up studies of the comet that originated from the distant outer reaches of our solar system.
30 ( ANI ): Mars Express made its closest fly-by yet of Red Planet's moon, Phobos, skimming past at only 45 km above its surface, on Dec.
New images from the European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft show that massive landslides may have shaped and widened the trench since its violent birth.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- European Space Agency (ESA) has prepared one of the most breathtaking 3 dimensional (3-D) maps of red Planet Mars with the recent data which was sent by ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.
Cientificos de la Agencia Espacial Europea (ESA, en ingles) reportaron que la sonda espacial Mars Express fotografio el crater de Melas Dorsa, una region volcanica de Marte.
A radar instrument on the European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter found that near-surface layers surrounding the north and south poles are most likely highly porous, chock full of ice, or both.
In March, Mars Express flew closer to Phobos than any spacecraft ever had before, ESA reports.

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