Sahlins, Marshall David

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Sahlins, Marshall David

(1930–  ) cultural anthropologist; born in Chicago. Educated at the University of Michigan and Columbia University, he taught at Michigan and Chicago and made important contributions in oceanic ethnography, cultural evolution, and economic anthropology. His major works include Evolution and Culture (1960) and Culture and Practical Reason (1976).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Ahn then reconstructs a "moral economy of debt," utilizing the notion of the "gift economy" (see Marcel Mauss, Marshall Sahlins, Pierre Bourdieu, and Jacques Derrida).
De esta manera sintetizaba Marshall Sahlins en un prefacio a la revista Ethnohistory la metamorfosis experimentada por los estudios del encuentro colonial en la region del Pacifico en las ultimas decadas (1).
Such a view is present in Marshall Sahlins' recent work What Kinship Is--And Is Not (2013), which has generated renewed debates about the nature of relatedness.
The author does not critique Mauss's theory or engage other theories on reciprocity --those of Marshall Sahlins or David Graeber for example.
Seguemse, entao, mais cinco artigos: o de Jaime Fernando Santos Jr., sobre a emergencia do conceito moderno de revolucao a partir das experiencias revolucionarias inglesa e francesa; os textos de Jocelito Zalla e Felipe Leao de Oliveira, sobre a edicao postuma da Terra Gaucha de Simoes Lopes Neto e do dialogo entre o antropologo Marshall Sahlins e a Historia, respectivamente; e, finalmente, as contribuicoes de Rodrigo Perez de Oliveira sobre o engajamento politico e epistemologico dos historiadores brasileiros nos anos da redemocratizacao e de Ana Carolina Monay sobre trauma, perplexidade e esperanca em Nao Veras Pais Nenhum, de Ignacio de Loyola Brandao.
An important contribution to this discussion is the work of Marshall Sahlins, who shows how cultural actors shape transformation processes on the basis of their own systems of meaning so that they survive, although in modified form, stressing that '[e]very reproduction of culture is an alteration, insofar as in action, the categories by which a present world is orchestrated pick up some novel empirical content' (Sahlins 1985:144; see also Robbins and Wardlow 2005:3, 5; Sahlins 2005:9-10).
The treatment of Chagnon by the American Anthropological Association (AAA) was shabby, vicious and mean, thanks to Terence Turner and Leslie Sponsel, and also Marshall Sahlins, who recently resigned from the National Academy of Sciences in protest against Chagnon's membership, among other things.
For example, although Marshall Sahlins played a key role both intellectually and substantively, he is referred to only three times in the text.
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