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1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Each marshaller will hold a high degree of responsibility and is a much-valued part of Oman Air's expert staff.
"Normally the marshaller has to check 10 minutes before the aircraft is due to make sure that the gate is clear, but in this case the controller only has to switch the video image on and check for himself."
"Safedock allows pilots to continue to self-park at available gates because marshallers are not required."
She'd always thought air traffic controllers were the marshallers with the orange wands, waving airplanes to parking.
In an unusual move, Mr Heard publicly went into some of the details of the cases involving aircraft marshallers Mickey Hards and Mark Turner who lost their appeal against dismissal last month.
Soon, car marshallers from the nearby assembly plant began independently parking their newly manufactured Mustangs in the test lot.
About 1,800 workers at the airport, including firemen, security guards, airfield marshallers, engineers and clerical staff, will be balloted from December 6, with results announced on December 21.
Thus on the railways whites were termed 'train marshallers' and blacks 'shunters;' whites were 'ticket collectors,' blacks were 'ticket examiners'" (Lipton, 1985, p.