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1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
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References in classic literature ?
"Yes, my lord," said the marshal, "you have divined all that was possible to human genius."
"But, my lord," said Marshal de Grammont, "consider that when we have collected all our forces we shall have hardly thirteen thousand men."
My Dear Marshal, -- In an hour Lens will be in the enemy's possession.
A quarter of an hour later he was with the marshal.
Marshal de Grammont put himself at the head of all the available cavalry and infantry and took the road to Vendin, leaving the Duc de Chatillon to await and bring on the rest.
It was seven o'clock in the evening when the marshal arrived at the appointed place.
Marshal de Grammont was to hold the extreme left, resting on Mericourt.
A tent was erected for them near that of the marshal.
The newly promoted Air Vice Marshals include Marshal Imtiaz Sattar, Muhammad Qaiser Janjua, Syed Imran Majid Ali, Abdul Moeed Khan, Tariq Zia, Nadeem Akhtar Khan, Ghulam Abbas Ghumman, Raja Faheem Shahzad Kiyani, Aamir Habib Ullah Maken, Muhammad Anees Latif, Muhammad Shams-Ul-Haq Jajja, Salman Mahboob and Syed Sabahat Hassan Shah.
But first we ask the Sri Lankan expat Mitchell Perera, (51) who is perhaps one of the oldest surviving marshals as to what drives him to the Gulf News Fun Drive now in its 38th edition.
Mahbud, went amok inside the commercial vessel, stabbing one of the two sea marshals; hence, forcing them to neutralize him.
Marshals. Harris had previously served eight years in prison for arson.