Marsilio Ficino

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Ficino, Marsilio


Born Oct. 19, 1433, in Figline, near Florence; died Oct. 1, 1499, in Careggi, near Florence. Italian humanist and Neoplatonic philosopher; founder of the Platonic Academy of Florence.

Ficino translated into Latin works of Plato (published 1484), Plotinus, Iamblichus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Psellus, as well as some of the Areopagite’s works and treatises from the hermetic literature. In his commentaries on these works and in other works, such as Platonic Theology—On the Immortality of the Souls (1469–74, published 1482; latest edition, vols. 1–2, 1965) and On the Christian Religion (1476), he developed a philosophical system that constituted an original interpretation of Neoplatonism (including the concept of emanation) and the mystical teachings of late antiquity in a spirit of concordance with the major doctrines of Christianity. The true worth of man, endowed with the capacity for cognition and with free will, is in his divine origin, the immortality of the soul, and the ability for uniting with god at the highest level of contemplation (“divine madness”). Characteristic of Ficino is the importance given to earthly beauty, the contemplation of which he regarded as a step toward the highest mystical contemplation. Ficino considered the historically existing religions and religious philosophical doctrines as stages in the development of a universal religion.

Ficino furthered the revival of Platonism and the struggle against scholastic Aristotelianism and had a significant influence on the development of the philosophy of the Renaissance and the 17th and 18th centuries.


Opera, vols. 1–2. Basel, 1561.
Supplementum Ficinianum, vols. 1–2. Florence, 1937.
Commentaire sur le Banquet de Platon. Paris, 1955.


Puzino, I. V. “O religiozno-filosofskikh vozzreniiakh M. Fichino.” Istoricheskie izvestiia, 1917, no. 2. Pages 91–111.
Gukovskii, M. A. “Novye raboty po istorii platonizma ital’ianskogo Vozrozhdeniia.” Voprosy filosofii, 1958, no. 10. Pages 169–73.
Kristeller, P. O. Il pensiero filosofico di M. Ficino. Florence, 1953.
Saitta, G. Marsilio Ficino e la filosofia dell’ Umanesimo, 3rd ed. Bologna, 1954.
Marcel, R. Marsilio Ficino (1433–1499). Paris, 1958.


References in periodicals archive ?
Marsilio Ficino, Morgante, Lorenzo de' Medici, Luigi Pulci, Renaissance
Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) e Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494) sono artefici e promotori di tale palingenesi filosofica: alla teoria della conoscenza da essi concepita Simone Fellina dedica un libro denso, documentato, frutto di un'indagine vigile e critica di alcune fondamentali opere dei due filosofi, cioe, soprattutto, El libro dell'amore (1468-1469) e la Theologia Platonica (edita nel 1482) del Ficino; il Commento sopra una canzona de amore composta da Girolamo Benivieni (1486) e le Conclusiones nongentae publice disputandae (1486) del Pico.
He knows Plato byway of Marsilio Ficino, the remarkable Hellenist, great Platonic scholar, and sincere Christian whom he met in Florence in 1492 and whom he calls "very honored father" (pater reverendissimus).
Allen and Falco), that the kind of Platonism (and its relationship with Orpheus) reviving in the philosophical works of Marsilio Ficino is anchored in the exercise of textual technologies inherited from the late Neoplatonists.
One cultural interpretation that persists throughout much of history is presented in the writings of philosopher Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499).
Similar views were also expressed by Pico's close friend and colleague Marsilio Ficino, who was the founder of the Neoplatonic Academy in 1462 in Florence, and whose translation, with extensive and impeccably learned commentaries added, of Plato's dialogues into Latin initiated the Renaissance revival of Neoplatonism (Burroughs, especially 185-88; Kristeller 215-16, and also Wind 39 et passim).
A direct line can be traced from the works of Boethius to some of the major writers on music of this period such as Marsilio Ficino.
na maior parte das vezes, nao e reservado a cada autor mais do que dois ou tres paragrafos; so no penultimo capitulo sao analisados passos de autores tao numerosos e diversos como: Grosseteste, Anaximandro, Plotino, Platao, Vitruvio, Hegel, Marsilio Ficino, Tommaso Benci, George Berkeley, Descartes, Proclo, Aristoteles, Alberti, Piero della Francesca, Nicolau de Cusa, Robert Fludd, Athanasius Kircher, Freud, Alfarabi, Avicena e Jacques Lacan.
This is the first book of a two-book set comprising the second volume of works devoted to the writings of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499)--in this case, his commentaries on Plato's Parmenides.
Sin embargo, acabaria muy influido por la vision hermeticopitagorica del Cosmos y por el amor a las artes ocultas de Hermes Trismegisto, tal y como lo reflejaria Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) en su obra Pimander de 1471.
Ignatius also displays behaviors that have been associated with Saturn by others, including the medieval Arab astrologer Abu Ma'sar and the Italian Renaissance philosopher Marsilio Ficino.