Martínez de Campos, Arsenio

Martínez de Campos, Arsenio

(ärsā`nyō märtē`nĕth dā käm`pōs), 1831–1900, Spanish general. He served in Morocco (1859–60), in Mexico (1861–63), and in Cuba (1869–72). He played a leading role in the proclamation (1874) of Alfonso XIIAlfonso XII,
1857–85, king of Spain (1874–85), son of Isabella II. He went into exile with his parents at the time of the revolt of the Carlists in 1868 and was educated in Austria and England.
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 as king and helped bring the Carlist Wars to an end (1876; see CarlistsCarlists,
partisans of Don Carlos (1788–1855) and his successors, who claimed the Spanish throne under the Salic law of succession, introduced (1713) by Philip V. The law (forced on Philip by the War of the Spanish Succession to avoid a union of the French and Spanish
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). In 1877 he was sent to Cuba, where he ended the Ten Years WarTen Years War,
1868–78, struggle for Cuban independence from Spain. Discontent was caused in Cuba by excessive taxation, trade restrictions, and virtual exclusion of native Cubans from governmental posts.
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. In 1879 he was briefly prime minister of Spain and later war minister. In 1895 he was sent to put down the insurgents in the Cuban revolution, but his lenient attitude caused his replacement by WeylerWeyler y Nicolau, Valeriano
, 1838–1930, Spanish general. His early career was spent in Santo Domingo and Cuba, where he served during the Ten Years War. He returned to Spain in 1873 and fought against the Carlists (1875–76).
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. He later was president of the Spanish senate.
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