Mart Raud

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Raud, Mart


Born Sept. 1 (14), 1903, in the volost (small rural district) of Aidu, now in Viljandi Raion. Soviet Estonian writer. People’s Writer of the Estonian SSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Raud attended lectures at Tartu University in 1924 and 1925. His first collection of poetry, Mirages, was published in 1924. The collection The Distant Circle (1935) was in the realistic tradition. In the novels The Ax and the Moon (1935) and Bazaar (1937), Raud satirized bourgeois mores. His collections of poetry Battle Word (1943) and New Bridges (1945) were published during the Great Patriotic War (1941–45). From the late 1940’s to the 1970’s he published the collections Two Vessels (1946), All the Roads (1953), Golden Autumn (1966; Russian translation, 1969), and Letters of Traces (1972). He has also written the collection of short stories Face to Face (1959) and the comedy A Wakeful Summer Night (staged 1962).

Raud has been awarded the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and several medals.


Teosed, vols. 1–4. Tallinn, 1963–67.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. [Slikhi i poemy.] Moscow, 1957.
Kamenistye borozdy: Rasskazy. Moscow, 1970.


Ocherk istorii estonskoi sovetskoi literatury. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To illustrate and explain this claim, I will first focus on the story of Vettik's cantata Surematus (Immortality), written to the lyrics of Mart Raud. The very fact that a cantata was written in honour of Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Communist Party, could be interpreted as an attempt to please the Communist regime.
This proves that Mart Raud did not get excited without a reason--Vettik's plan to send the audience a message that completely opposed that of the poem, and was far from an apotheosis, was indeed realised.
The other person to be mentioned in connection with oil shale is the Estonian engineer Mart Raud, who lived in Petrograd (Fig.
The Estonian civil engineer Mart Raud had an opportunity of applying the experience of the Russian oil shale studies in the already independent Republic of Estonia.
The other two men were construction engineer Mart Raud (1878-1952) and chemist Karl Luts (1883-1941) who had studied and worked in St.
After Estonia's secession from Russia, the Society of Estonian Engineers in Petrograd headed by Mart Raud acquired geological data on Estonia and set to work at the foundation of Estonia's oil shale industry right away: independence of a state would be guaranteed only by an independent power production basing on the only resource available, oil shale.