Martial


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Martial: Martial arts

Martial

Martial (Marcus Valerius Martialis) (märˈshəl), c.A.D. 40–c.A.D. 104, Roman epigrammatic poet, b. Bilbilis, Spain. After A.D. 64 he lived in Rome for many years, winning fame by his wit and poetic gifts. He enjoyed the patronage of Titus, Domitian, and Pliny the Younger (see under Pliny the Elder) and the friendship of Juvenal and Quintilian. He wrote more than 1,500 epigrams, most of which concern aspects of life in urban Rome, particularly its follies and excesses, and many of which deal openly and often scathingly with the sexual practices of his contemporaries. Martial's verses are frequently characterized by a twist of wit at the end as well as by original meter and form, and have become models for the modern epigram.

Bibliography

See The Epigrams of Martial, tr. by J. Michie (1973); Epigrams/Martial, 3 vol., tr. by D. R. Shackleton Bailey (1993); Martial's Epigrams: A Selection, tr. by G. Wills (2008).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Martial

 

(Marcus Valerius Martialis). Born c. A.D. 40, in Bilbilis, Spain; died there c. A.D. 104. Roman poet.

Martial wrote 15 books of epigrams—three with a common theme (Liber spectaculorum, Apophoreta, Xenia) and 12 of mixed content. These witty epigrams depict the life of various social strata; they are apt, mocking, and refined miniatures. His works were highly thought of by G. E. Lessing and J. W. Goethe and, in Russia, by M. V. Lomonosov, P. A. Viazemskii, and A. S. Pushkin.

WORKS

Martialis epigrammaton, I-XIV. Edited by C. Giarratano. Turin, 1916; 3rd ed. Turin, 1951.
Epigrams, vols. 1-2. London, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Epigrammy. Moscow [1968].

REFERENCES

Istoriia rimskoi literatury, vol. 2. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [et al.]. Moscow, 1962.
Barwick, K. Martial und die zeitgenössische Rhetorik. Berlin, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Martial

full name Marcus Valerius Martialis. ?40--?104 ad, Latin epigrammatist and poet, born in Spain
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Relying on martial law to arrest a person is short of admitting that intelligence gathering is inefficient.
The event would be organized in collaboration with Pakistan Bredan Fou Martial Arts Federation, Montage Events and Consultants and Liaqat's Gym And Martial Arts Academy.
As such, beginners take well to this form of martial arts training since they are starting with a clean slate and are easy to teach.
Had Martial not pulled his hamstring in the warm-up for that February 2016 Europa League second leg with Midtjylland, there would have been no Rashford start that night or against Arsenal three days later.
While presiding over a joint hearing on various bills, seeking to amend the Human Security Act, Lacson was reminded of the military's commitment to lift martial law in Mindanao.
The President declared martial law in Mindanao in 2017 following deadly clashes between security forces and Maute militants in Marawi.
[USPRwire, Tue Jul 30 2019] Global Martial Art Weapon Market: Overview Unlike other sports accessories and equipment, martial arts require a vast domain of weaponry.
"Apparently may martial law din pala dito sa loob House of Representatives," Gaite said.
Motlalepuo is expected to leave for China in November where he will upgrade his skills and technique in martial arts.
1 / 17 Kuwaiti Fai al-Fahad, a Kajukenbo hybrid martial art assistant-master, practises in a club in Kuwait City on October 22, 2018.
The Senate and the House of Representatives are expected to hold a joint session today (Wednesday) to deliberate and pass a resolution calling for a one-year extension of martial law and suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in Mindanao.
ISLAMABAD -- With the want to learn martial arts as part of self defense, the sport is gaining momentum among women day by day.