martial arts

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martial arts,

various forms of self-defense, usually weaponless, based on techniques developed in ancient China, India, and Tibet. In modern times they have come into wide use for self-protection, as competitive sports, and for exercise.

Jujitsu teaches skills that enable one to overcome a bigger, stronger opponent. A popular style of jujitsu is aikido, which uses wrist, elbow, and shoulder twists and graceful falls; it is noncompetitive and incorporates various spiritual concepts. Judojudo
, sport of Japanese origin that makes use of the principles of jujitsu, a weaponless system of self-defense. Buddhist monks in China, Japan, and Tibet developed jujitsu over a period of 2,000 years as a system of defense that could be used against armed marauders and yet
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, a Japanese sport created in 1882, makes use of jujitsu principles. Other popular forms of martial arts include kung fu, karate, and taekwondo, all of which emphasize blows with the feet and the side of the hand, and kendo, in which leather-covered bamboo "swords" are used. Judo and taekwondo are Olympic sports. Capoeira, a dancelike Brazilian discipline whose movements are performed to rhythmic music, is gaining in popularity.

The traditional Asian martial arts emphasize allowing ki (cosmic energy; also known as chi) to flow through one's body. This belief in ki connects the martial arts with t'ai chi ch'uan, a meditationlike discipline that emphasizes slow, graceful body movements. The most popular form of individual exercise in China, t'ai chi is often performed publicly in large groups; it has been claimed to reduce stress and lower blood pressure.

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References in periodicals archive ?
They also incorporated ritual dances, such as "magjinn," the songdance "lunsay" and the martial dances "langka lima" using bladed weapons, "langka silat" and "langka kuntaw."
Ceremonies comprising daytime male martial dances and night-time round dances performed by women (e.g., lego-lego) or men and women (e.g., badendang, "dance song") are common throughout central and southeast Maluku.
One can also enjoy the never seen acts in the new age such as martial dance as expressionist exercise, itinerant story-tellers with jugglers and puppeteers, among other forms of entertainment through the course of the exhibition.
He adds, "TACTIX is not cardio kickboxing or 'aimless martial dance' classes.
Vaziev liked Angelov's Credo, a martial dance commissioned for the 1998 Autumn Season Gala in the Kyoto Fall Festival, but the Kirov gala program already had a similar dance.
In ancient times, the majestic martial dance of Chhau grew under royal patronage.
During the event, Manipuri students performed Rs Leela, Pung Cholom, Lai Haroba and Thang-ta - a martial dance, and enthralled the audience with some other acts.
Thang-ta - a martial dance and some other acts enthralled the audiences.
Dance troupes showcased different martial dance forms during the two-day festival that concluded on Sunday.