Martin, Glenn Luther

Martin, Glenn Luther,

1886–1955, American aviation pioneer, b. Macksburg, Iowa. Martin built his first airplane in 1909, and in 1912 set the world over-water record, flying from mainland California to Catalina Island and back. The same year he founded the Glenn L. Martin Co., which merged (1916) with the Wright brothersWright brothers,
American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind.
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' firm to form Wright–Martin Aircraft Co. Leaving the firm in 1917, he founded a new Glenn L. Martin Co., and later moved the firm to Cleveland and then to the Baltimore area. Many famous figures in early aviation, including Donald DouglasDouglas, Donald Wills,
1892–1981, aviation pioneer and aerospace executive, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., B.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1914. He helped design the first wind tunnel (1914–15) and the first U.S. Navy dirigible (1915) before joining the Glenn L.
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, Dutch KindelbergerKindelberger, Dutch
(James Howard Kindelberger), 1895–1962, b. Wheeling, W.Va., American aerospace pioneer. In 1917 he joined the army and went into the signal corps, serving as a pilot instructor. After the war, he joined the Glenn L. Martin Co.
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, and James McDonnellMcDonnell, James Smith,
1899–1980, American aviation pioneer, b. Denver, B.S. Princeton, 1921, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1925. He designed the Doodlebug (1929), a small monoplane, and worked with several aircraft companies before joining the Glenn L.
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, started with Martin, and his companies produced thousands of planes including bombers used in World Wars I and II. After his death, the Martin company merged with the American Marietta Corp. (1961), becoming Martin Marietta, which later merged with Lockheed Corp. (1995), becoming Lockheed Martin.
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