Martin Behaim


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Behaim, Martin

 

Born Oct. 6, 1459, in Nuremberg; died July 29, 1507, in Lisbon. German geographer and voyager.

In 1492, Behaim made the globe “Earth Apple,” which was 0.54 m in diameter and which reflected the geographical notions about the surface of the earth that existed on the eve of the discovery of the New World. His original was a map of the world based primarily on Ptolemy’s information. His globe is of the greatest historical and geographical value (on exhibition at the Nuremberg Museum).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Henricus Martellus, in his world map of c.1490, and Martin Behaim on his 1492 globe, incorporated the information from Marco Polo's voyage from China to India into the oecumene described in the Geography of Claudius Ptolemy (c.
ThatAAEs all according to the worldAAEs oldest surviving globe, which was created by a Nuremberg merchant-explorer called Martin Behaim in 1492, just as Christopher Columbus set out on his first trip to the West Indies.
"We are increasing knowledge of our own language and also respect for other's language." Meanwhile the new globes - which come more than five centuries after the earliest still-surviving example by German explorer Martin Behaim dating back to 1492 - are already proving popular with schools.
(2.) The oldest existing world representation as a globe comes from the late fifteenth century, created in Nurnberg by Martin Behaim.
German geographer Martin Behaim made the earliest terrestrial globe that has survived.
[23] This capacity to stand outside and beyond one's tiny home, this planet, and plot its surface through perspective and mathematics would culminate at the end of the century in the tangible, aesthetic as well as intellectual experie nce of the first terrestial globe, produced by Martin Behaim, in the same year that Columbus sailed west.
For example, when Martin Behaim in the 1400s declared that the earth was round instead of flat (as had been suggested by Greek mathematicians such as Eratosthenes centuries earlier) and Christopher Columbus discovered the new world in 1492, there were many people unwilling to believe these new discoveries and openly worked to dispute and dissuade people from believing that the concept of the world was changing.