Martin Niemöller

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Martin Niemöller
Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller
Birthday
BirthplaceLippstadt, German Empire
Died

Niemöller, Martin

 

Born Jan. 14, 1892, in Lippstadt. Public figure of the German Federal Republic, antifascist, participant in the Partisans of Peace movement, pastor of the Evangelical Church.

During World War I, Niemöller was a submarine officer. In 1919 he took up the study of theology in Münster. In 1924 he became a clergyman. In 1937, Niemöller was arrested for his opposition to Nazism. He was held in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp until 1941, when he was transferred to Dachau. He was later moved to the southern Tirol and remained there until he was liberated in 1945. From 1947 to 1964 he was the head of the Evangelical Church in Hessen and Nassau. From 1961 to 1968 he was one of the presidents of the World Council of Churches. He has visited the USSR a number of times. Since 1957 he has been president of the German Peace Society (War Resisters’ International). Since 1969, Niemöller has been a member of the Presidium of the World Peace Council. He was awarded the Joliot-Curie Gold Medal of Peace in 1965. In 1966 he received the Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Between Nations.

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most powerful and thought provoking drama inspired performances of the evening came from the students studying GCSE drama who performed as a group reciting First They Came by Pastor Martin Niemoller. A Freedom-themed poetry evening would not be complete without readings from American Civil Rights Activist Maya Angelou's, and as she famously quoted, "I've learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel." The audience certainly felt that quote was accurate, and feedback from the guests was very encouraging, according to the college.
Its most important leader, Martin Niemoller, was a self-confessed anti-Semite: he is now best known for his confession, made after the war, that he was silent when Jews, communists, and trade unionists were arrested, so when he himself was taken, no one was left to speak for him.
El poema del pastor Martin Niemoller --que equivocadamente se le atribuye a Bertolt Brecht, aunque el mismo lo habria firmado con gusto--lo dice en relacion con la Alemania nazi: "Cuando los nazis vinieron a buscar a los comunistas, guarde silencio,/ porque yo no era comunista,/ cuando encarcelaron a los socialdemocratas, guarde silencio/ porque yo no era socialdemocrata,/ cuando vinieron a buscar a los sindicalistas, no proteste,/ porque yo no era sindicalista,/ cuando vinieron a buscar a los judios, no pronuncie palabra,/ porque yo no era judio, cuando finalmente vinieron a buscarme a mi/ no habia nadie mas que pudiera protestar".
Citing George Washington's famous letter to the Jews of Newportin which the American founder promised to give "bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance"and Pastor Martin Niemoller's famous anti-Nazi poem recounting how "they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out," the city officials vowed to stand with embattled Jews.
These developments, together with an increasing sense of isolation, as former associates now considered him a liability, (9) and flagrant abuses of the rule of law, prompted a protest against the wholly unlawful imprisonment of Protestant Pastor Martin Niemoller, whose arrest, in Wiechert's eyes, showed contempt for the principles of justice.
No apology is offered to anti-Nazi theologian Martin Niemoller for use of this (deliberately provocative) language, nor to us for the strategic appeal to paranoia.
Daeth sylw Martin Niemoller i'r meddwl yn ystod y dyddie diwethaf: "Daethon nhw am y rhain, a wedes i ddim, daethon nhw am rai eraill a bum yn dawel...
The hush in the wake of JCOPE's vote reminds me of Martin Niemoller's famous poem about the cowardice of the German public as the Nazis rose to power.
If you want to see this change, it doesn't matter what your beliefs, your party or your thoughts are: Keep these words from German priest Martin Niemoller -- who warned against the fascism taking over Germany -- in mind, and don't forget them:
A similar point was made by a focus group participant in Bradford, who (echoing Martin Niemoller) argued that if the Home Office started by targeting irregular migrants, they would soon come after others.15 This suggested the importance of solidarity between those with regular and irregular status and thus articulated a different set of values.