Harriet Martineau

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Martineau, Harriet

(mär`tĭnō), 1802–76, English author. A journalist rather than a writer of literature, she was an enormously popular author. Her success is the more remarkable since she was deaf from childhood and the victim of various other illnesses throughout her life. The sister of the Unitarian minister James Martineau, she began her career writing articles on religious subjects. Her fame spread with Illustrations of Political Economy (9 vol., 1832–34) and Illustrations of Taxation (1834), two series of stories interpreting classical economics to the layman. After a visit to the United States in 1834, she became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and wrote several unflattering works on the American way of life, including Society in America (1837) and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838). Her later writings include Deerbrook (1839), a novel; The Playfellow (4 vol., 1841), tales for children; Letters on Mesmerism (1845); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1853); and a very candid autobiography (1877), containing commentaries on the literary figures of her day.


See biography by V. Wheatley (1957); study by R. K. Webb (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Martineau scored a career-high 21 points, sinking three 3-pointers, as Grayslake North completed a season sweep of the Rams by winning 73-66 in Northern Lake County Conference action.
Shakespeare Martineau said Ms Walker-Smith was selected from a large field of candidates because of her commercial knowledge and vision for the firm.
Gill Milburn, director of Martineau Gardens, said: "Learning about nature and the environment and creating community resources are very important parts of what we do here, so we're thrilled that we can host a trail at our site.
Min and Martineau are part of an international team of police from 16 countries providing venue security.
A $10 million lawsuit filed Thursday on his behalf asserts Martineau's death from a heart condition happened just 24 hours after he was misdiagnosed with noncardiac chest pain and discharged from a Springfield hospital.
The building with the plaque is now the Martineau Guest House and Shelagh has slept in the very room where Harriet recuperated.
She was the greatgrandmother of politician Francis Martineau Lupton, who in turn was the great great grandfather of Kate.
Retired Chief Roddy was one of dozens of police officers in the audience Thursday night at Fitchburg State University when Chief Martineau was sworn in as Fitchburg police chief.
Law firm SGH Martineau has once again been appointed to the law panel of Banco Santander (SAN.MC).
Though the scope widens from the self to the empire, certain aspects of Martineau's beliefs--freedom of expression, trade, and self-governance--reoccur and link to form a relatively complete, though certainly complex, understanding of Martineau's writings.
Translation, Authorship and the Victorian Professional Woman: Charlotte Bronte, Harriet Martineau and George Eliot.
Ella Dzelzainis and Cora Kaplan (eds), Harriet Martineau. Authorship, Society and Empire, Manchester University Press, 2010, pp.