Mary Wollstonecraft

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Wollstonecraft, Mary

(wo͝ol`stənkräft, –krăft), 1759–97, English author and feminist, b. London. She was an early proponent of educational equality between men and women, expressing this radical opinion in Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1786). Her most important book, A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), was the first great feminist document. She also wrote several novels. In Paris, where she lived with an American, Gilbert Imlay, during much of the French Revolution, she was close to many of the Revolution's leading political figures. After the birth (1794) of a daughter, Fanny, Imlay deserted her, and in 1797 she married William GodwinGodwin, William,
1756–1836, English author and political philosopher. A minister in his youth, he was, however, plagued by religious doubts and gave up preaching in 1783 for a literary career.
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. She died within days of giving birth to another daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft ShelleyShelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,
1797–1851, English author; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 married him.
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, who married Percy Bysshe Shelley.


See W. Godwin, Memoirs of Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (1798); biographies by C. Tomalin (1974), E. Sunstein (1975), J. Lorch (1990), J. Todd (2000), D. Jacobs (2001), and L. Gordon (2005); C. Gordon, Romantic Outlaws: The Extraordinary Lives of Mary Wollstonecraft and Her Daughter Mary Shelley (2015); studies by J. Bouten (1975), M. Poovey (1984), M. Ferguson and J. Todd (1984), A. Meena (1989), S. M. Conger (1994), H. D. Jump, ed. (1994 and 2003); M. J. Falco, ed. (1996), A. Tauchert (2002), and B. Taylor (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
While it is true that in 1784, thirteen years before Mary Godwin was born, "the world's most powerful steam engine was installed in London" (McKusick 2000: 97), and "over 100 steam engines were at work in London's flour mills, breweries, tanneries" (McKusick 2000: 98), by 1815, only a relatively small proportion of all the industrial workers were engaged in large factories, and most Englishmen lived in little towns and villages" (Thomson 1973: 117).
Mary Godwin (shortly to become Mary Shelley on December 30th, 1816) was in the habit of reading the newspapers, and reports in a letter to Shelley on December 5th that the "morning Chronicle as you will see does not make much of the [Spa-field] riots which they say are entirely quieted" (Shelley 1995: 18), confirming that she was perfectly aware of the increasing unrest in the country, as is also implied by the couple's growing friendship with Leigh Hunt, who had been imprisoned in 1813 for libelling the Prince Regent, and by Shelley's own well-known political views.
At the end of the summer the Shelley party left for England, where Mary Godwin's stepsister Claire Clairmont gave birth to Byron's daughter Allegra in January 1817.
Quoted in full, the following diary entries cover the period from three days before the birth of Mary Godwin Shelley to the burial of Mary Wollstonecraft on 15 September 1797:
Iba acompanado por Mary Godwin --con quien vivia en union libre desde hacia dos anos-- y la hermanastra de esta, Claire Clairmont, quien habia quedado embarazada tras un amorio con Byron.
Five months later he confessed his love for 16-years-old Mary Godwin, Harriet committed suicide, and Shelley married Mary who incorporated the attempt on his life in her 1816 largely autobiographical novel Frankenstein.
The company will locate to a new 18,000-SF manufacturing facility next door to a Firestone Industries facility, said Mary Godwin, director of the Prescott-Nevada County Chamber of Commerce.
The only daughter of social philosopher William Godwin and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Godwin met the young poet Percy Bysshe Shelley in the spring of 1814 and eloped with him to France in July of that year.
Only when he married Mary Godwin did he acquire a stable home life as well as a deeply caring guardian of his poetry and plays.
Greek, with its suggestively eastern exoticism, also seemed appropriate to describe the exciting strangeness of illicit love, and in his letters to Mary Godwin Shelley coined Greek words as a lovers' code, thus pointing up the voluptuously eastern associations of the language.